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1.

Abnormal electroretinogram

Any abnormality of the electrical responses of various cell types in the retina as measured by electroretinography. [HPO:probinson] [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
96908
Concept ID:
C0476397
Finding
2.

Undetectable electroretinogram

Lack of any response to stimulation upon electroretinography. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
383742
Concept ID:
C1855685
Finding
3.

BCVA reduced to light perception, nystagmus, oculodigit sign, extinguished ERG

MedGen UID:
880819
Concept ID:
CN236376
Finding
4.

Duchenne muscular dystrophy, mental retardation, and absence of erg b-wave

MedGen UID:
864913
Concept ID:
C4016476
Finding
5.

Leber congenital amaurosis 2

Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009). For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of LCA, see 204000. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
348473
Concept ID:
C1859844
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Abnormal light-adapted flicker electroretinogram

MedGen UID:
892764
Concept ID:
C4072963
Finding
7.

Undetectable light- and dark-adapted electroretinogram

Absence of the combined rod-and-code response on electroretinogram. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
867212
Concept ID:
C4021570
Finding
8.

Leber congenital amaurosis 8

Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009). For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of LCA, see 204000. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
462552
Concept ID:
C3151202
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Leber congenital amaurosis 6

Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009). For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of LCA, see 204000. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
344245
Concept ID:
C1854260
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
10.

Leber congenital amaurosis 11

Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009). For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of LCA, see 204000. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
326698
Concept ID:
C1840284
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Undetectable light-adapted electroretinogram

No detectable response to the light-adapted 3.0 ERG (single-flash cone response). This type of ERG measures responses of the cone system; a-waves arise from cone photoreceptors and cone off-bipolar cells; the b-wave comes from On- and Off-cone bipolar cells. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
893040
Concept ID:
C4072955
Finding
12.

Decreased light- and dark-adapted electroretinogram amplitude

Descreased amplitude of eletrical response upon electroretinography. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
326793
Concept ID:
C1839025
Finding
13.

Cone-rod dystrophy 16

Cone-rod dystrophy (CORD) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are clinically and genetically overlapping heterogeneous retinal dystrophies. RP is characterized initially by rod photoreceptor dysfunction, giving rise to night blindness, which is followed by progressive rod and cone photoreceptor dystrophy, resulting in midperipheral vision loss, tunnel vision, and sometimes blindness. In contrast to RP, CORD is characterized by a primary loss of cone photoreceptors and subsequent or simultaneous loss of rod photoreceptors. The disease in most cases becomes apparent during primary-school years, and symptoms include photoaversion, decrease in visual acuity with or without nystagmus, color vision defects, and decreased sensitivity of the central visual field. Because rods are also involved, night blindness and peripheral vision loss can occur. The diagnosis of CORD is mainly based on electroretinogram (ERG) recordings, in which cone responses are more severely reduced than, or equally as reduced as rod responses (summary by Estrada-Cuzcano et al., 2012). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
482675
Concept ID:
C3281045
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Electronegative electroretinogram

A dark-adapted bright flash electroretinogram in which the b-wave that is of markedly lower amplitude than the associated a-wave (source: Holder GE., Inherited Chorioretinal Dystrophies: A Textbook and Atlas; 2014; p.17; ISBN 978-3-540-69466-3]. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
867203
Concept ID:
C4021561
Finding
15.

Bestrophinopathy, autosomal recessive

A retinal dystrophy with characteristics of central visual loss in the first 2 decades of life, associated with an absent electrooculogram (EOG) light rise and a reduced electroretinogram (ERG). To date less than 20 cases have been described in the world literature. Caused by compound heterozygous or homozygous mutations in the BEST1 gene (11q12) which encodes the chloride ion channel bestrophin-1 (expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)). Mutations in BEST1 reduce or abolish the activity of the channel. It has been proposed that ARB may represent the null phenotype of bestrophin-1 in humans. Transmission is autosomal recessive. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
854806
Concept ID:
C3888198
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Leber congenital amaurosis

Leber congenital amaurosis comprises a group of early-onset childhood retinal dystrophies characterized by vision loss, nystagmus, and severe retinal dysfunction. Patients usually present at birth with profound vision loss and pendular nystagmus. Electroretinogram (ERG) responses are usually nonrecordable. Other clinical findings may include high hypermetropia, photodysphoria, oculodigital sign, keratoconus, cataracts, and a variable appearance to the fundus (summary by Chung and Traboulsi, 2009). Genetic Heterogeneity of Leber Congenital Amaurosis LCA2 (204100) is caused by mutation in the RPE65 gene (RPE65; 180069) on chromosome 1p31. LCA3 (604232) is caused by mutation in the SPATA7 gene (609868) on chromosome 14q31. LCA4 (604393) is caused by mutation in the AIPL1 gene (604392) on chromosome 17p13. LCA5 (604537) is caused by mutation in the LCA5 gene (611408) on chromosome 6q14. LCA6 (613826) is caused by mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene (605446) on chromosome 14q11. LCA7 (613829) is caused by mutation in the CRX gene (602225) on chromosome 19q13. LCA8 (613835) is caused by mutation in the CRB1 gene (604210) on chromosome 1q31. LCA9 (608553) is caused by mutation in the NMNAT1 gene (608700) on chromosome 1p36. LCA10 (611755) is caused by mutation in the CEP290 gene (610142) on chromosome 12q21 and may account for as many as 21% of cases of LCA. LCA11 (613837) is caused by mutation in the IMPDH1 gene (146690) on chromosome 7q32. LCA12 (610612) is caused by mutation in the RD3 gene (180040) on chromosome 1q32. LCA13 (612712) is caused by mutation in the RDH12 gene (608830) on chromosome 14q24. LCA14 (613341) is caused by mutation in the LRAT gene (604863) on chromosome 4q32. LCA15 (613843) is caused by mutation in the TULP1 gene (602280) on chromosome 6p21. LCA16 (614186) is caused by mutation in the KCNJ13 gene (603208) on chromosome 2q37. LCA17 (615360) is caused by mutation in the GDF6 gene (601147) on chromosome 8q22. LCA18 (see 608133) is caused by mutation in the PRPH2 gene (179605) on chromosome 6p21. Perrault et al. (1999) provided a review of Leber congenital amaurosis, with emphasis on genetic heterogeneity. Wiszniewski et al. (2011) analyzed 13 known LCA genes in 60 LCA probands, and identified homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in 42 (70%). In addition, a third disease-associated mutant allele at a second locus was identified in 7 (12%) of the 60 patients. Wiszniewski et al. (2011) stated that the significance of the third mutated allele was unknown, but suggested that mutational load might be important to penetrance of the LCA phenotype. Because LCA manifests very early in life and results in profound vision loss, patients with mutations in other syndromic or nonsyndromic eye disease genes may receive an initial diagnosis of LCA, prior to development of syndromic features or before more thorough phenotyping can be performed (see, e.g., Senior-Loken syndrome-5, 609254). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
137922
Concept ID:
C0339527
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Congenital stationary night blindness, type 1E

Complete congenital stationary night blindness (cCSNB) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of retinal disorders characterized by nonprogressive impairment of night vision, absence of the electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave, and variable degrees of involvement of other visual functions. Individuals with cCSNB and animal models of the disorder have an ERG waveform that lacks the b-wave because of failure to transmit the photoreceptor signal through the retinal depolarizing bipolar cells (summary by Peachey et al., 2012). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of congenital stationary night blindness, see CSNB1A (310500). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
482845
Concept ID:
C3281215
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Abnormal pattern electroretinogram

An anomalous response to a pattern electroretinogram (PERG), a particular kind of ERG obtained in response to contrast modulation of patterned visual stimuli at constant mean luminance-typically contrast-reversing gratings or checkerboards-whose characteristics are fundamentally different from those of the traditional ERG in response to diffuse flashes of light. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
892628
Concept ID:
C4072957
Finding
19.

Bornholm eye disease

Bornholm eye disease consists of X-linked high myopia, amblyopia, and deuteranopia. Associated signs include optic nerve hypoplasia, reduced electroretinographic (ERG) flicker, and nonspecific retinal pigment abnormalities (Schwartz et al., 1990). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
463611
Concept ID:
C3159311
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Reticular dystrophy of retinal pigment epithelium

Reticular dystrophy is a disorder of protean manifestations occurring in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with little or no involvement of the neurosensory retina. The disorder may be detected at an early age and may be slowly progressive, but the prognosis for visual acuity is good. Abnormalities of dark adaptation and nyctalopia may develop with time. Electrophysiologic testing may show a normal electroretinogram (ERG), subnormal electrooculogram (EOG), and subnormal results of dark adaptation studies (summary by Kingham et al., 1978). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
356753
Concept ID:
C1867332
Disease or Syndrome
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