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Learning disability

MedGen UID:
199623
Concept ID:
C0751265
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Synonyms: Disabilities, Learning; Disability, Learning; Learning Disabilities; Learning Disability
SNOMED CT: General learning disability (1855002); Learning disability (1855002)
 

Definition

According to U.S. federal legislation, disabilities involved in understanding or using language, manifested in impaired listening, thinking, talking, reading, writing, or arithmetic skills. Includes perceptual handicaps, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, and developmental aphasia. Compare LEARNING DISORDERS. [from PSY]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Lovell A, Bailey J
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2017 Feb;24(1):4-14. Epub 2016 Jul 21 doi: 10.1111/jpm.12326. PMID: 27439391
Sheehan R, Gandesha A, Hassiotis A, Gallagher P, Burnell M, Jones G, Kerr M, Hall I, Chaplin R, Crawford MJ
BMJ Open 2016 Apr 18;6(4):e010480. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010480. PMID: 27091821Free PMC Article
Northway R, Parker M, James N, Davies L, Johnson K, Wilson S
Nurse Educ Today 2015 Dec;35(12):1155-60. Epub 2015 May 15 doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2015.05.003. PMID: 26008687
Roberts JL, Hovanes K, Dasouki M, Manzardo AM, Butler MG
Gene 2014 Feb 1;535(1):70-8. Epub 2013 Nov 2 doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2013.10.020. PMID: 24188901Free PMC Article
Lovell A, Skellern J
J Clin Nurs 2013 Aug;22(15-16):2264-72. Epub 2013 May 6 doi: 10.1111/jocn.12164. PMID: 23647490

Diagnosis

Barberio AM, Quiñonez C, Hosein FS, McLaren L
Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e229-e239. PMID: 28910243
Poletti M
Appl Neuropsychol Child 2017 Apr-Jun;6(2):106-109. Epub 2016 Mar 17 doi: 10.1080/21622965.2015.1064410. PMID: 26986198
Roberts JL, Hovanes K, Dasouki M, Manzardo AM, Butler MG
Gene 2014 Feb 1;535(1):70-8. Epub 2013 Nov 2 doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2013.10.020. PMID: 24188901Free PMC Article
Lahane S, Shah H, Nagarale V, Kamath R
Indian J Pediatr 2013 Sep;80(9):745-9. Epub 2012 Nov 22 doi: 10.1007/s12098-012-0915-5. PMID: 23180409
McCoy TE, Conrad AL, Richman LC, Nopoulos PC, Bell EF
Child Neuropsychol 2013;19(2):173-89. Epub 2012 Mar 1 doi: 10.1080/09297049.2011.648922. PMID: 22375897Free PMC Article

Therapy

Barberio AM, Quiñonez C, Hosein FS, McLaren L
Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e229-e239. PMID: 28910243
Graham L, Wright J, Walwyn R, Russell AM, Bryant L, Farrin A, House A
BMC Med Res Methodol 2016 Oct 6;16(1):132. doi: 10.1186/s12874-016-0236-x. PMID: 27716063Free PMC Article
Hemingway S, Stephenson J, Roberts B, McCann T
Int J Ment Health Nurs 2014 Aug;23(4):364-73. PMID: 25180411
Chopra V, Harley K, Lahiff M, Eskenazi B
Environ Res 2014 Jan;128:64-9. Epub 2013 Nov 19 doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.10.004. PMID: 24267794Free PMC Article
Williamson D, Murray DW, Damaraju CV, Ascher S, Starr HL
J Atten Disord 2014 Feb;18(2):95-104. Epub 2012 May 24 doi: 10.1177/1087054712443411. PMID: 22628142

Prognosis

Stevens JJ, Schulte AC
J Learn Disabil 2017 May/Jun;50(3):261-274. Epub 2016 Aug 3 doi: 10.1177/0022219415618496. PMID: 26746313
Twigg SR, Forecki J, Goos JA, Richardson IC, Hoogeboom AJ, van den Ouweland AM, Swagemakers SM, Lequin MH, Van Antwerp D, McGowan SJ, Westbury I, Miller KA, Wall SA; WGS500 Consortium., van der Spek PJ, Mathijssen IM, Pauws E, Merzdorf CS, Wilkie AO
Am J Hum Genet 2015 Sep 3;97(3):378-88. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.07.007. PMID: 26340333Free PMC Article
Sheng L, Byrd CT, McGregor KK, Zimmerman H, Bludau K
J Speech Lang Hear Res 2015 Apr;58(2):336-44. doi: 10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-13-0143. PMID: 25652445Free PMC Article
Stansfield J, Matthews A
J Intellect Disabil 2014 Mar;18(1):20-34. Epub 2013 Nov 28 doi: 10.1177/1744629513514041. PMID: 24288213
Karande S, Venkataraman R
J Postgrad Med 2012 Oct-Dec;58(4):246-54. doi: 10.4103/0022-3859.105442. PMID: 23298918

Clinical prediction guides

Barberio AM, Quiñonez C, Hosein FS, McLaren L
Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e229-e239. PMID: 28910243
Ward AR, Parkes J
Dementia (London) 2017 Apr;16(3):360-374. Epub 2016 Jul 27 doi: 10.1177/1471301215592539. PMID: 26160277
McKenzie K, Sharples P, Murray AL
Intellect Dev Disabil 2015 Aug;53(4):301-7. doi: 10.1352/1934-9556-53.4.301. PMID: 26214559
Chopra V, Harley K, Lahiff M, Eskenazi B
Environ Res 2014 Jan;128:64-9. Epub 2013 Nov 19 doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.10.004. PMID: 24267794Free PMC Article
Goldsmith L, Woodward V, Jackson L, Skirton H
J Adv Nurs 2013 Sep;69(9):1966-76. Epub 2012 Dec 10 doi: 10.1111/jan.12057. PMID: 23215815

Recent systematic reviews

Graham L, Wright J, Walwyn R, Russell AM, Bryant L, Farrin A, House A
BMC Med Res Methodol 2016 Oct 6;16(1):132. doi: 10.1186/s12874-016-0236-x. PMID: 27716063Free PMC Article
O'Byrne JJ, Lynch SA, Treacy EP, King MD, Betts DR, Mayne PD, Sharif F
Ir J Med Sci 2016 Feb;185(1):241-8. Epub 2015 Apr 21 doi: 10.1007/s11845-015-1284-7. PMID: 25894277
Jukes M, Aspinall SL
Br J Nurs 2015 Oct 8-21;24(18):912-6. doi: 10.12968/bjon.2015.24.18.912. PMID: 26450672
Adshead S, Collier E, Kennedy S
Nurse Educ Pract 2015 Mar;15(2):103-7. Epub 2015 Jan 24 doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2015.01.004. PMID: 25662482
Griffiths P, Bennett J, Smith E
Int J Nurs Stud 2009 Apr;46(4):490-507. Epub 2008 Oct 7 doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2008.05.009. PMID: 18842263

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