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Thrombophilia due to thrombomodulin defect

The role of thrombomodulin in thrombosis is controversial. Although there have been several reports of THBD mutations in patients with venous thrombosis, clear functional evidence for the pathogenicity of these mutations is lacking. In a review, Anastasiou et al. (2012) noted that thrombomodulin has a major role in capillary beds and that THBD variation may not be associated with large vessel thrombosis. It is likely that genetic or environmental risk factors in addition to THBD variation are involved in the pathogenesis of venous thrombosis. However, variation in the THBD gene may be associated with increased risk for arterial thrombosis and myocardial infarction. This association may be attributed to the fact that thrombomodulin can modulate inflammatory processes, complement activity, and fibrinolysis. [from OMIM]

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Disease or Syndrome

Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome 6

Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal failure caused by platelet thrombi in the microcirculation of the kidney and other organs. The onset of atypical HUS (aHUS) ranges from the neonatal period to adulthood. Genetic aHUS accounts for an estimated 60% of all aHUS. Individuals with genetic aHUS frequently experience relapse even after complete recovery following the presenting episode; 60% of genetic aHUS progresses to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). [from GeneReviews]

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