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Salmonella infection

MedGen UID:
48542
Concept ID:
C0036117
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Infection, Salmonella; Infections, Salmonella; Salmonella Infection; Salmonella Infections; Salmonelloses; Salmonellosis
Modes of inheritance:
not inherited
MedGen UID:
832438
Concept ID:
CN227390
Intellectual Product
Source: Orphanet
Describes a disorder that is not inherited.
not inherited (Orphanet)
SNOMED CT: Salmonellosis (302231008); Salmonella infection (302231008)
 
Orphanet: ORPHA795

Definition

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is a common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. You also can get infected after handling pets, especially reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards. Symptoms include. -Fever. -Diarrhea. -Abdominal cramps. -Headache. -Possible nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Symptoms usually last 4-7 days. Your health care provider diagnoses the infection with a stool test. Most people get better without treatment. Infection can be more serious in the elderly, infants, and people with chronic health problems. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious. The usual treatment is antibiotics. Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, is not common in the United States. It frequently occurs in developing countries. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Lönnermark E, Lappas G, Friman V, Wold AE, Backhaus E, Adlerberth I
J Clin Gastroenterol 2015 Feb;49(2):116-23. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000120. PMID: 24667592
Hoshina T, Kusuhara K, Saito M, Mizuno Y, Hara T
Hum Immunol 2012 Jun;73(6):623-8. Epub 2012 Apr 23 doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2012.04.006. PMID: 22537746
Zhang Y, Bi P, Hiller JE
Sci Total Environ 2010 Jan 1;408(3):524-30. Epub 2009 Nov 18 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.068. PMID: 19922981
Peña-Sagredo JL, Fariñas MC, Perez-Zafrilla B, Cruz-Valenciano A, Crespo M, Joven-Ibañez B, Riera E, Manero-Ruiz FJ, Chalmeta I, Hernández MV, Rodríguez-Gómez M, Maíz O, López R, Cobo T, Pita J, Carmona L, Gonzalez-Gay MA; BIOBADASER and EMECAR Groups.
Clin Exp Rheumatol 2009 Nov-Dec;27(6):920-5. PMID: 20149306
Hsu RB, Lin FY
Am J Med Sci 2008 Nov;336(5):393-6. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e31816a8973. PMID: 19011395

Diagnosis

Bobylev D, Sarikouch S, Meschenmoser L, Hohmann D, Beerbaum P, Horke A
Ann Thorac Surg 2016 Apr;101(4):1577-80. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2015.05.132. PMID: 27000580
Huang X, Huang Q, Dun Z, Huang W, Wu S, Liang J, Deng X, Zhang Y
Emerg Infect Dis 2016 Apr;22(4):726-9. doi: 10.3201/eid2204.151372. PMID: 26982074Free PMC Article
Saheer S, Immanuel S, Balamugesh T, Christopher DJ
Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jan-Mar;57(1):39-40. PMID: 26410983
Lönnermark E, Lappas G, Friman V, Wold AE, Backhaus E, Adlerberth I
J Clin Gastroenterol 2015 Feb;49(2):116-23. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000120. PMID: 24667592
Roppenser B, Kwon H, Canadien V, Xu R, Devreotes PN, Grinstein S, Brumell JH
PLoS One 2013 Aug 22;8(8):e71015. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071015. PMID: 23990921Free PMC Article

Therapy

Zavala L, Golowczyc MA, van Hoorde K, Medrano M, Huys G, Vandamme P, Abraham AG
Benef Microbes 2016 Sep;7(4):585-95. Epub 2016 Jun 13 doi: 10.3920/BM2015.0196. PMID: 27291404
Silva AF, Matos MP, Ralph MT, Silva DL, de Alencar NM, Ramos MV, Lima-Filho JV
Int Immunopharmacol 2016 Feb;31:233-8. Epub 2016 Jan 9 doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2015.12.036. PMID: 26773770
Lönnermark E, Lappas G, Friman V, Wold AE, Backhaus E, Adlerberth I
J Clin Gastroenterol 2015 Feb;49(2):116-23. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000120. PMID: 24667592
Peña-Sagredo JL, Fariñas MC, Perez-Zafrilla B, Cruz-Valenciano A, Crespo M, Joven-Ibañez B, Riera E, Manero-Ruiz FJ, Chalmeta I, Hernández MV, Rodríguez-Gómez M, Maíz O, López R, Cobo T, Pita J, Carmona L, Gonzalez-Gay MA; BIOBADASER and EMECAR Groups.
Clin Exp Rheumatol 2009 Nov-Dec;27(6):920-5. PMID: 20149306
Hsu RB, Lin FY
Am J Med Sci 2008 Nov;336(5):393-6. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e31816a8973. PMID: 19011395

Prognosis

Huang X, Huang Q, Dun Z, Huang W, Wu S, Liang J, Deng X, Zhang Y
Emerg Infect Dis 2016 Apr;22(4):726-9. doi: 10.3201/eid2204.151372. PMID: 26982074Free PMC Article
Hsiao CH, Lai CC, Hsueh PR
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2014 Jun;47(3):217-21. Epub 2013 Apr 21 doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2012.11.003. PMID: 23615164
Zhang Y, Bi P, Hiller JE
Sci Total Environ 2010 Jan 1;408(3):524-30. Epub 2009 Nov 18 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.068. PMID: 19922981
Peña-Sagredo JL, Fariñas MC, Perez-Zafrilla B, Cruz-Valenciano A, Crespo M, Joven-Ibañez B, Riera E, Manero-Ruiz FJ, Chalmeta I, Hernández MV, Rodríguez-Gómez M, Maíz O, López R, Cobo T, Pita J, Carmona L, Gonzalez-Gay MA; BIOBADASER and EMECAR Groups.
Clin Exp Rheumatol 2009 Nov-Dec;27(6):920-5. PMID: 20149306
Gil Prieto R, Alejandre CG, Meca AA, Barrera VH, de Miguel AG
J Infect 2009 Mar;58(3):175-81. Epub 2009 Feb 5 doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2009.01.002. PMID: 19195712

Clinical prediction guides

Chen CY, Tsen HY, Lin CL, Lin CK, Chuang LT, Chen CS, Chiang YC
J Med Microbiol 2013 Nov;62(Pt 11):1657-64. Epub 2013 Sep 2 doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.061010-0. PMID: 24000228
Conway KL, Kuballa P, Song JH, Patel KK, Castoreno AB, Yilmaz OH, Jijon HB, Zhang M, Aldrich LN, Villablanca EJ, Peloquin JM, Goel G, Lee IA, Mizoguchi E, Shi HN, Bhan AK, Shaw SY, Schreiber SL, Virgin HW, Shamji AF, Stappenbeck TS, Reinecker HC, Xavier RJ
Gastroenterology 2013 Dec;145(6):1347-57. Epub 2013 Aug 21 doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2013.08.035. PMID: 23973919Free PMC Article
Zhang Y, Bi P, Hiller JE
Sci Total Environ 2010 Jan 1;408(3):524-30. Epub 2009 Nov 18 doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.068. PMID: 19922981
Peña-Sagredo JL, Fariñas MC, Perez-Zafrilla B, Cruz-Valenciano A, Crespo M, Joven-Ibañez B, Riera E, Manero-Ruiz FJ, Chalmeta I, Hernández MV, Rodríguez-Gómez M, Maíz O, López R, Cobo T, Pita J, Carmona L, Gonzalez-Gay MA; BIOBADASER and EMECAR Groups.
Clin Exp Rheumatol 2009 Nov-Dec;27(6):920-5. PMID: 20149306
Gil Prieto R, Alejandre CG, Meca AA, Barrera VH, de Miguel AG
J Infect 2009 Mar;58(3):175-81. Epub 2009 Feb 5 doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2009.01.002. PMID: 19195712

Recent systematic reviews

Robinson J
Evid Based Child Health 2013 May;8(3):759-60. doi: 10.1002/ebch.1913. PMID: 23877909
Onwuezobe IA, Oshun PO, Odigwe CC
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012 Nov 14;11:CD001167. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001167.pub2. PMID: 23152205
Sausville J, Gupta G, Forrest G, Chai T
J Sex Med 2009 May;6(5):1487-90. Epub 2008 Sep 24 doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01013.x. PMID: 18823319

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