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Items: 18

1.

Opiate agonist

A class of synthetic chemicals/drugs similar to opiates (opium derivatives) with analgesic properties. Due to binding to opiate receptors, opioids mimic opiate activity on neurons, various cells (i.e. lymphocytes), pain suppression and other neurobehavioral activity. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66892
Concept ID:
C0242402
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Sedative

MedGen UID:
48605
Concept ID:
C0036557
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Cannabis

MedGen UID:
671294
Concept ID:
C0678449
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Ethyl alcohol

A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Genetic predisposition

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
Organism Attribute
8.

Alcohol-induced organic mental disorder

Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
68632
Concept ID:
C0236664
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
9.

Substance-Related Disorder

A category of psychiatric disorders which include disorders related to the taking of a drug of abuse (including alcohol, prescribed medications and recreational drugs). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Risk factor

An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiological evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
48477
Concept ID:
C0035648
Finding
11.

Psychotherapeutic agent

A classification of medication that acts on the central nervous system, affecting brain function, level of consciousness, mood, emotions, and behavior. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
46201
Concept ID:
C0033978
Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Diseases in Twins

Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41612
Concept ID:
C0012675
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Mental disorder

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

General drug type

A drug product that contains one or more active and/or inactive ingredients; it is intended to treat, prevent or alleviate the symptoms of disease. This term does not refer to the individual ingredients that make up the product. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8496
Concept ID:
C0013227
Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Alcohol dependence

Alcohol use disorder is a diagnosis made when an individual has severe problems related to drinking alcohol. Alcohol use disorder can cause major health, social, and economic problems, and can endanger affected individuals and others through behaviors prompted by impaired decision-making and lowered inhibitions, such as aggression, unprotected sex, or driving while intoxicated.Alcohol use disorder is a broad diagnosis that encompasses several commonly used terms describing problems with drinking. It includes alcoholism, also called alcohol addiction, which is a long-lasting (chronic) condition characterized by a powerful, compulsive urge to drink alcohol and the inability to stop drinking after starting. In addition to alcoholism, alcohol use disorder includes alcohol abuse, which involves problem drinking without addiction.Habitual excessive use of alcohol changes the chemistry of the brain and leads to tolerance, which means that over time the amount of alcohol ingested needs to be increased to achieve the same effect. Long-term excessive use of alcohol may also produce dependence, which means that when people stop drinking, they have physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal, such as sleep problems, irritability, jumpiness, shakiness, restlessness, headache, nausea, sweating, anxiety, and depression. In severe cases, agitation, fever, seizures, and hallucinations can occur; this pattern of severe withdrawal symptoms is called delirium tremens.The heavy drinking that often occurs in alcohol use disorder, and can also occur in short-term episodes called binge drinking, can lead to a life-threatening overdose known as alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning occurs when a large quantity of alcohol consumed over a short time causes problems with breathing, heart rate, body temperature, and the gag reflex. Signs and symptoms can include vomiting, choking, confusion, slow or irregular breathing, pale or blue-tinged skin, seizures, a low body temperature, a toxic buildup of substances called ketones in the blood (alcoholic ketoacidosis), and passing out (unconsciousness). Coma, brain damage, and death can occur if alcohol poisoning is not treated immediately.Chronic heavy alcohol use can also cause long-term problems affecting many organs and systems of the body. These health problems include irreversible liver disease (cirrhosis), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), brain dysfunction (encephalopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), high blood pressure (hypertension), stroke, weakening of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), irregular heartbeats (arrhythmia), and immune system problems. Long-term overuse of alcohol also increases the risk of certain cancers, including cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and breast. Alcohol use in pregnant women can cause birth defects and fetal alcohol syndrome, which can lead to lifelong physical and behavioral problems in the affected child.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
1801
Concept ID:
C0001973
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Central nervous system agent

A class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms. They can be divided into "specific" agents, e.g., affecting an identifiable molecular mechanism unique to target cells bearing receptors for that agent, and "nonspecific" agents, those producing effects on different target cells and acting by diverse molecular mechanisms. Those with nonspecific mechanisms are generally further classed according to whether they produce behavioral depression or stimulation. Those with specific mechanisms are classed by locus of action or specific therapeutic use. (From Gilman AG, et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed, p252) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
836
Concept ID:
C0007680
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Illicit medication use

MedGen UID:
548937
Concept ID:
C0281875
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Social environment related disease

MedGen UID:
548261
Concept ID:
C0277567
Disease or Syndrome
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