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Items: 6

1.

Peptic ulcer

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or your duodenum, the first part of your small intestine. A burning stomach pain is the most common symptom. The pain. -Starts between meals or during the night. -Briefly stops if you eat or take antacids. -Lasts for minutes to hours. -Comes and goes for several days or weeks. Peptic ulcers happen when the acids that help you digest food damage the walls of the stomach or duodenum. The most common cause is infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Another cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers, but can make them worse. . To see if you have an H. pylori infection, your doctor will test your blood, breath, or stool. Your doctor also may look inside your stomach and duodenum by doing an endoscopy or x-ray. Peptic ulcers will get worse if not treated. Treatment may include medicines to reduce stomach acids or antibiotics to kill H. pylori. Antacids and milk can't heal peptic ulcers. Not smoking and avoiding alcohol can help. You may need surgery if your ulcers don't heal. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45384
Concept ID:
C0030920
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Ulcer

Destruction of an epithelial surface extending into or beyond the basement membrane. [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
22541
Concept ID:
C0041582
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Peptic ulcer with hemorrhage

Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10639
Concept ID:
C0030922
Pathologic Function
4.

Hemorrhage

Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen inside or outside the body. Bleeding can be a reaction to a cut or other wound. It can also result from an injury to internal organs. There are many situations in which you might bleed. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease. Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
5503
Concept ID:
C0019080
Pathologic Function
5.

Mallory-Weiss Syndrome

A condition characterized by mucosal tears at the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION, sometimes with HEMATEMESIS. Typically it is caused by forceful bouts of retching or VOMITING. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
44265
Concept ID:
C0024633
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage

MedGen UID:
540182
Concept ID:
C0266809
Pathologic Function
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