Format
Items per page

Send to:

Choose Destination

Links from PubMed

Items: 1 to 20 of 43

1.

Dementia

Dementia is the name for a group of symptoms caused by disorders that affect the brain. It is not a specific disease. People with dementia may not be able to think well enough to do normal activities, such as getting dressed or eating. They may lose their ability to solve problems or control their emotions. Their personalities may change. They may become agitated or see things that are not there. . Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. However, memory loss by itself does not mean you have dementia. People with dementia have serious problems with two or more brain functions, such as memory and language. Although dementia is common in very elderly people, it is not part of normal aging. Many different diseases can cause dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and stroke. Drugs are available to treat some of these diseases. While these drugs cannot cure dementia or repair brain damage, they may improve symptoms or slow down the disease. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
99229
Concept ID:
C0497327
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Skeletal muscle atrophy

The presence of skeletal muscular atrophy (which is also known as amyotrophy). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
902598
Concept ID:
C0234958
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Disinhibition

A lack of restraint manifested in several ways, including disregard for social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
140859
Concept ID:
C0424296
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Frontotemporal dementia

The clinical manifestations of MAPT-related disorders (MAPT-related tauopathies) are most typically those of frontotemporal dementia (FTDP-17), but also include progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), mild late-onset parkinsonism, and dementia with epilepsy. Clinical presentation of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is variable: some present with slowly progressive behavioral changes, language disturbances, and/or extrapyramidal signs, whereas others present with rigidity, bradykinesia, supranuclear palsy, and saccadic eye movement disorders. Onset is usually between ages 40 and 60 years, but may be earlier or later. The disease progresses over a few years into profound dementia with mutism. PSP is characterized by progressive vertical gaze palsy in combination with a prominent loss of balance at early stages of the disease. With progression, axial rigidity, dysarthria, and dysphagia become prominent, often in combination with a frontal dysexecutive syndrome. CBD is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder which affects both the frontoparietal cortex and the basal ganglia, resulting in a mild to moderate dementia in combination with asymmetric parkinsonism, ideomotor apraxia, aphasia, and an alien-hand syndrome. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
83266
Concept ID:
C0338451
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Parkinsonism

Characteristic neurologic anomaly resulting form degeneration of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra, a region of the midbrain, characterized clinically by shaking, rigidity, slowness of movement and difficulty with walking and gait. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
66079
Concept ID:
C0242422
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Bradykinesia

Bradykinesia literally means slow movement, and is used clinically to denote a slowness in the execution of movement (in contrast to hypokinesia, which is used to refer to slowness in the initiation of movement). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
115925
Concept ID:
C0233565
Sign or Symptom
7.

Atrophy

Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
83084
Concept ID:
C0333641
Pathologic Function
8.

Neurofibrillary tangles

Abnormal structures located in various parts of the brain and composed of dense arrays of paired helical filaments (neurofilaments and microtubules). These double helical stacks of transverse subunits are twisted into left-handed ribbon-like filaments that likely incorporate the following proteins: (1) the intermediate filaments: medium- and high-molecular-weight neurofilaments; (2) the microtubule-associated proteins map-2 and tau; (3) actin; and (4) UBIQUITINS. As one of the hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE, the neurofibrillary tangles eventually occupy the whole of the cytoplasm in certain classes of cell in the neocortex, hippocampus, brain stem, and diencephalon. The number of these tangles, as seen in post mortem histology, correlates with the degree of dementia during life. Some studies suggest that tangle antigens leak into the systemic circulation both in the course of normal aging and in cases of Alzheimer disease. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39273
Concept ID:
C0085400
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction; Finding
9.

Polyphagia

A neurological anomaly with gross overeating associated with an abnormally strong desire or need to eat. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
9369
Concept ID:
C0020505
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Gliosis

Gliosis is the focal proliferation of glial cells in the central nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
4899
Concept ID:
C0017639
Pathologic Function
11.

Alcohol dependence

For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder. This means that their drinking causes distress and harm. It includes alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a disease that causes. -Craving - a strong need to drink. -Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've started. -Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms. -Tolerance - the need to drink more alcohol to feel the same effect. With alcohol abuse, you are not physically dependent, but you still have a serious problem. The drinking may cause problems at home, work, or school. It may cause you to put yourself in dangerous situations, or lead to legal or social problems. Another common problem is binge drinking. It is drinking about five or more drinks in two hours for men. For women, it is about four or more drinks in two hours. Too much alcohol is dangerous. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain, and other organs. Drinking during pregnancy can harm your baby. Alcohol also increases the risk of death from car crashes, injuries, homicide, and suicide. If you want to stop drinking, there is help. Start by talking to your health care provider. Treatment may include medicines, counseling, and support groups. NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1801
Concept ID:
C0001973
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
12.

Anomia

An inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
312
Concept ID:
C0003113
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
13.

Alcoholism

MedGen UID:
910816
Concept ID:
CN241664
Finding
14.

Lewy bodies

MedGen UID:
892415
Concept ID:
C4020711
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Frontal lobe dementia

MedGen UID:
572577
Concept ID:
C0338455
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Behavioral abnormality

Conduct that is unusual for the individual. [from NCI_NICHD]

MedGen UID:
535345
Concept ID:
C0233514
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Degeneration of anterior horn cells

MedGen UID:
375215
Concept ID:
C1843505
Finding
18.

Neuronal loss in central nervous system

MedGen UID:
342515
Concept ID:
C1850496
Finding
19.

Postural instability

MedGen UID:
334529
Concept ID:
C1843921
Finding
20.

Autosomal dominant inheritance

Autosomal dominant inheritance refers to genetic conditions that occur when a mutation is present in one copy of a given gene (i.e., the person is heterozygous). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
141047
Concept ID:
C0443147
Genetic Function; Intellectual Product
Format
Items per page

Send to:

Choose Destination

Supplemental Content

Find related data

Recent activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...
Support Center