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1.

Carcinoid tumor

Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing cancers. They usually start in the lining of the digestive tract or in the lungs. They grow slowly and don't produce symptoms in the early stages. As a result, the average age of people diagnosed with digestive or lung carcinoids is about 60. . In later stages the tumors sometimes produce hormones that can cause carcinoid syndrome. The syndrome causes flushing of the face and upper chest, diarrhea, and trouble breathing. . Surgery is the main treatment for carcinoid tumors. If they haven't spread to other parts of the body, surgery can cure the cancer. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2838
Concept ID:
C0007095
Neoplastic Process
2.

Carcinoid tumor

MedGen UID:
569643
Concept ID:
C0334299
Neoplastic Process
3.

Gastrin

Gastrin (101 aa, ~11 kDa) is encoded by the human GAST gene. This protein plays a role in the modulation of food digestion by the gastrointestinal system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
83946
Concept ID:
C0376180
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Teratoma of testis

The presence of a teratoma of the testis. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
68669
Concept ID:
C0238451
Neoplastic Process
5.

Pain

Pain is a feeling triggered in the nervous system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain in one area of your body, such as your back, abdomen or chest or you may feel pain all over, such as when your muscles ache from the flu. Pain can be helpful in diagnosing a problem. Without pain, you might seriously hurt yourself without knowing it, or you might not realize you have a medical problem that needs treatment. Once you take care of the problem, pain usually goes away. However, sometimes pain goes on for weeks, months or even years. This is called chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is due to an ongoing cause, such as cancer or arthritis. Sometimes the cause is unknown. Fortunately, there are many ways to treat pain. Treatment varies depending on the cause of pain. Pain relievers, acupuncture and sometimes surgery are helpful.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45282
Concept ID:
C0030193
Sign or Symptom
6.

Teratoma

The presence of a teratoma. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21097
Concept ID:
C0039538
Neoplastic Process
7.

Syndrome

A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Somatostatin

Expressed primarily by human SST Gene (Somatostatin Family) in the hypothalamic median eminence and in pancreatic delta cells, secreted 116-aa 13-kDa (precursor) Somatostatin is an important cyclic tetradecapeptide regulator of endocrine and nervous system function. Somatostatin inhibits release of adenohypophyseal GH, thyrotropin, and corticotropin, pancreatic insulin and glucagon, gastric mucosal gastrin, intestinal mucosal secretin, and renal renin by binding to specific high-affinity cell surface G protein-coupled receptors expressed in a tissue-specific manner. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11505
Concept ID:
C0037659
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Diagnosis

Description:The source act is intended to help establish the presence of a (an adverse) situation described by the target act. This is not limited to diseases but can apply to any adverse situation or condition of medical or technical nature.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
10.

Insulin

Insulin (51 aa, ~6 kDa) is encoded by the human INS gene. This protein is involved in the direct regulation of glucose metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5827
Concept ID:
C0021641
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Aneuploidy

The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
294
Concept ID:
C0002938
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
12.

Pain

MedGen UID:
880950
Concept ID:
CN236637
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Alive

MedGen UID:
749206
Concept ID:
C2584946
Finding
14.

Borries syndrome

MedGen UID:
542920
Concept ID:
C0270677
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Cell Invasion

The movement of one cell type into an area normally occupied by a different cell type. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
397081
Concept ID:
C2699153
Pathologic Function
16.

Oncolysis

The destruction of tumor cells or a reduction in swelling. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
90709
Concept ID:
C0333516
Neoplastic Process
17.

Carcinoid syndrome

A combination of symptoms caused by the release of serotonin and other substances from carcinoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms may include flushing of the face, flat angiomas (small collections of dilated blood vessels) of the skin, diarrhea, bronchial spasms, rapid pulse, and sudden drops in blood pressure. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
6191
Concept ID:
C0024586
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Male Urogenital Diseases

Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
318601
Concept ID:
C1720894
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Cancer, Embryonal

MedGen UID:
199639
Concept ID:
C0751364
Neoplastic Process
20.

Carcinoid Tumor of Uncertain Malignant Potential

A carcinoid tumor that shows atypical characteristics and has borderline malignant potential. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
109014
Concept ID:
C0600176
Neoplastic Process
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