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Items: 19

1.

Acute disease

Any disease of sudden onset AND/OR short duration [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
1738
Concept ID:
C0001314
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Tyrosine

A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from PHENYLALANINE. It is also the precursor of EPINEPHRINE; THYROID HORMONES; and melanin. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
21746
Concept ID:
C0041485
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Phosphorylation

A process in which a phosphate group is added to a molecule, such as a sugar or a protein. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
4.

Diarrhea

What is diarrhea? Diarrhea is loose, watery stools (bowel movements). You have diarrhea if you have loose stools three or more times in one day. Acute diarrhea is diarrhea that lasts a short time. It is a common problem. It usually lasts about one or two days, but it may last longer. Then it goes away on its own. Diarrhea lasting more than a few days may be a sign of a more serious problem. Chronic diarrhea -- diarrhea that lasts at least four weeks -- can be a symptom of a chronic disease. Chronic diarrhea symptoms may be continual, or they may come and go. Who gets diarrhea? People of all ages can get diarrhea. On average, adults In the United States have acute diarrhea once a year. Young children have it an average of twice a year. People who visit developing countries are at risk for traveler's diarrhea. It is caused by consuming contaminated food or water. What causes diarrhea? The most common causes of diarrhea include. -Bacteria from contaminated food or water. -Viruses such as the flu, norovirus, or rotavirus . Rotavirus is the most common cause of acute diarrhea in children. -Parasites, which are tiny organisms found in contaminated food or water. -Medicines such as antibiotics, cancer drugs, and antacids that contain magnesium. -Food intolerances and sensitivities, which are problems digesting certain ingredients or foods. An example is lactose intolerance. -Diseases that affect the stomach, small intestine, or colon, such as Crohn's disease. -Problems with how the colon functions, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Some people also get diarrhea after stomach surgery, because sometimes the surgeries can cause food to move through your digestive system more quickly. Sometimes no cause can be found. If your diarrhea goes away within a few days, finding the cause is usually not necessary. What other symptoms might I have with diarrhea? Other possible symptoms of diarrhea include. -Cramps or pain in the abdomen. -An urgent need to use the bathroom. -Loss of bowel control. If a virus or bacteria is the cause of your diarrhea, you may also have a fever, chills, and bloody stools. Diarrhea can cause dehydration, which means that your body does not have enough fluid to work properly. Dehydration can be serious, especially for children, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems. When should I see a doctor for diarrhea? Although it is usually not harmful, diarrhea can become dangerous or signal a more serious problem. Contact your health care provider if you have. -Signs of dehydration. -Diarrhea for more than 2 days, if you are an adult. For children, contact the provider if it lasts more than 24 hours. -Severe pain in your abdomen or rectum (for adults). -A fever of 102 degrees or higher. -Stools containing blood or pus. -Stools that are black and tarry. If children have diarrhea, parents or caregivers should not hesitate to call a health care provider. Diarrhea can be especially dangerous in newborns and infants. How is the cause of diarrhea diagnosed? To find the cause of diarrhea, your health care provider may. -Do a physical exam. -Ask about any medicines you are taking. -Test your stool or blood to look for bacteria, parasites, or other signs of disease or infection. -Ask you to stop eating certain foods to see whether your diarrhea goes away. If you have chronic diarrhea, your health care provider may perform other tests to look for signs of disease. What are the treatments for diarrhea? Diarrhea is treated by replacing lost fluids and electrolytes to prevent dehydration. Depending on the cause of the problem, you may need medicines to stop the diarrhea or treat an infection. Adults with diarrhea should drink water, fruit juices, sports drinks, sodas without caffeine, and salty broths. As your symptoms improve, you can eat soft, bland food. Children with diarrhea should be given oral rehydration solutions to replace lost fluids and electrolytes. Can diarrhea be prevented? Two types of diarrhea can be prevented - rotavirus diarrhea and traveler's diarrhea. There are vaccines for rotavirus. They are given to babies in two or three doses. You can help prevent traveler's diarrhea by being careful about what you eat and drink when you are in developing countries:. -Use only bottled or purified water for drinking, making ice cubes, and brushing your teeth. -If you do use tap water, boil it or use iodine tablets. -Make sure that the cooked food you eat is fully cooked and served hot. -Avoid unwashed or unpeeled raw fruits and vegetables. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8360
Concept ID:
C0011991
Sign or Symptom
5.

Tyrosine Phosphorylation

Tyrosine phosphorylation involves the introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between a tyrosine residue in the compound and a phosphorus moiety. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
274331
Concept ID:
C1519726
Molecular Function
6.

Severe diarrhea

MedGen UID:
257045
Concept ID:
C1443924
Sign or Symptom
7.

Severe

Having a high degree of severity. For quantitative traits, a deviation of between four and five standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
Qualitative Concept
8.

Acute

Sudden appearance of disease manifestations over a short period of time. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
Temporal Concept
9.

Peripheral

On or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area. (NCI) [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
59959
Concept ID:
C0205100
Spatial Concept
10.

Skin rash

A rash is an area of irritated or swollen skin. Many rashes are itchy, red, painful, and irritated. Some rashes can also lead to blisters or patches of raw skin. Rashes are a symptom of many different medical problems. Other causes include irritating substances and allergies. Certain genes can make people more likely to get rashes. Contact dermatitis is a common type of rash. It causes redness, itching, and sometimes small bumps. You get the rash where you have touched an irritant, such as a chemical, or something you are allergic to, like poison ivy. Some rashes develop right away. Others form over several days. Although most rashes clear up fairly quickly, others are long-lasting and need long-term treatment. Because rashes can be caused by many different things, it's important to figure out what kind you have before you treat it. If it is a bad rash, if it does not go away, or if you have other symptoms, you should see your health care provider. Treatments may include moisturizers, lotions, baths, cortisone creams that relieve swelling, and antihistamines, which relieve itching.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8732
Concept ID:
C0015230
Finding; Sign or Symptom
11.

Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs naturally in macaques infected with SRV serotypes, experimentally in monkeys inoculated with SRV or MASON-PFIZER MONKEY VIRUS; (MPMV), or in monkeys infected with SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86999
Concept ID:
C0080151
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Primate Diseases

Diseases of animals within the order PRIMATES. This term includes diseases of Haplorhini and Strepsirhini. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
69221
Concept ID:
C0242634
Disease or Syndrome
13.

VP-2

MedGen UID:
57339
Concept ID:
C0148584
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Disease due to Retroviridae

Virus diseases caused by the RETROVIRIDAE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
48440
Concept ID:
C0035369
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Disease due to Lentivirus

Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
38233
Concept ID:
C0079680
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Slow Virus Diseases

Diseases of viral origin, characterized by incubation periods of months to years, insidious onset of clinical manifestations, and protracted clinical course. Though the disease process is protracted, viral multiplication may not be unusually slow. Conventional viruses produce slow virus diseases such as SUBACUTE SCLEROSING PANENCEPHALITIS, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY, PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL), and AIDS. Diseases produced by unconventional agents were originally considered part of this group. They are now called PRION DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
20001
Concept ID:
C0037341
Disease or Syndrome
17.

RNA Virus Infections

Diseases caused by RNA VIRUSES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11250
Concept ID:
C0035690
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Monkey Diseases

Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7691
Concept ID:
C0026431
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Jung syndrome

MedGen UID:
698427
Concept ID:
C1275130
Disease or Syndrome
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