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Items: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

Anxiety

Human personality is shaped by genetic and environmental factors, and evidence suggests that the genetic component is highly complex, polygenic, and epistatic. Genetic factors are thought to contribute to 40 to 60% of trait variance. Molecular genetics has tried to identify specific genes for quantitative traits, called quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The QTL concept suggests that complex personality traits or dimensions are not attributable to single genes, but to multiple interacting genes (Reif and Lesch, 2003). Fullerton et al. (2003) stated that psychologists were in agreement that the wide variation in human personalities can be explained by a small number of personality factors, including neuroticism (a measure of emotional stability), which manifests at one extreme as anxiety, depression, moodiness, low self-esteem, and diffidence. They cited a number of studies that had described a relationship between high scores on measures of neuroticism and major depressive disorder. They also noted that theoretical studies had suggested that large samples of randomly ascertained sibs could be used to ascertain phenotypically extreme individuals and thereby increase power to detect genetic linkage in complex traits. See also panic disorder (PAND1; 167870), which is a subtype of anxiety disorder. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
335849
Concept ID:
C1842981
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Mental Depression

Depression is a serious medical illness. It's more than just a feeling of being sad or blue for a few days. If you are one of the more than 19 million teens and adults in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include. -Feeling sad or empty. -Loss of interest in favorite activities. -Overeating, or not wanting to eat at all. -Not being able to sleep, or sleeping too much. -Feeling very tired. -Feeling hopeless, irritable, anxious, or guilty. -Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems. -Thoughts of death or suicide. Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can happen at any age, but it often begins in teens and young adults. It is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder. There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants, talk therapy, or both. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8325
Concept ID:
C0011570
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Premenstrual symptom, NOS

MedGen UID:
534944
Concept ID:
C0232959
Sign or Symptom
4.

Symptoms

An indication that a person has a condition or disease. Some examples of symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and pain. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
306142
Concept ID:
C1457887
Sign or Symptom
5.

Depression

An emotional state characterized by feelings of sadness, emptiness, and/or tearfulness. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137999
Concept ID:
C0344315
Finding
6.

Depression

A condition characterized by pervasive dysphoric mood, loss of interests, and inability to experience pleasure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
4229
Concept ID:
C0011581
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Polydactyly myopia syndrome

MedGen UID:
357424
Concept ID:
C1868117
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Anxiety neurosis

Term was discontinued in 1997. In 2000, the term was removed from all records containing it, and replaced with ANXIETY DISORDERS, its postable counterpart. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
226912
Concept ID:
C1279420
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
9.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Mood disorder

Most people feel sad or irritable from time to time. They may say they're in a bad mood. A mood disorder is different. It affects a person's everyday emotional state. Nearly one in ten people aged 18 and older have mood disorders. These include depression and bipolar disorder (also called manic depression). Mood disorders can increase a person's risk for heart disease, diabetes, and other diseases. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. With treatment, most people with mood disorders can lead productive lives.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
99866
Concept ID:
C0525045
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Depression, Neurotic

A term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
76370
Concept ID:
C0282126
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
12.

Premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start one to two weeks before your period. Most women have at least some symptoms of PMS, and the symptoms go away after their periods start. For some women, the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with their lives. They have a type of PMS called premenstrual dysphoric disorder, or PMDD. Common PMS symptoms include. -Breast swelling and tenderness . -Acne. -Bloating and weight gain. -Pain - headache or joint pain. -Food cravings . -Irritability, mood swings, crying spells, depression . No one knows what causes PMS, but hormonal changes trigger the symptoms. No single PMS treatment works for everyone. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, aspirin or naproxen may help ease cramps, headaches, backaches and breast tenderness. Exercising, getting enough sleep, and avoiding salt, caffeine, and alcohol can also help. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
46080
Concept ID:
C0033046
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Retrograde menstruation

MedGen UID:
44360
Concept ID:
C0025349
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Diseases in Twins

Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41612
Concept ID:
C0012675
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Polymenorrhea

Frequent menses; menstrual cycles lasting less than 21 days. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
18557
Concept ID:
C0032519
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including. -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Neurosis

Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10334
Concept ID:
C0027932
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Menstruation Disturbances

variations of menstruation or the menstrual cycle which may be indicative of disease. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
7541
Concept ID:
C0025345
Pathologic Function
19.

Hypomenorrhea

Decreased menstrual blood flow. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6983
Concept ID:
C0020624
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Melancholia

A subtype of depression characterized by the inability to find pleasure in positive things combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6288
Concept ID:
C0025193
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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