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Items: 1 to 20 of 33

1.

Frequency

MedGen UID:
91210
Concept ID:
C0376249
Temporal Concept
2.

Syndrome

A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Autosomal Recessive Disorder

An inherited disorder manifested only when two copies of a mutated gene are present. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
859582
Concept ID:
C3899988
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Intellectual disability

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

En(a-) phenotype

MedGen UID:
714462
Concept ID:
C1292209
Finding
6.

Borries syndrome

MedGen UID:
542920
Concept ID:
C0270677
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Intellectual disability

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, has been defined as an IQ score below 70. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
334384
Concept ID:
C1843367
Finding
8.

Mild

Mild; asymptomatic or mild symptoms; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
268697
Concept ID:
C1513302
Finding
9.

Difficulty

Something not easily done, accomplished, comprehended, or solved. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
226969
Concept ID:
C1299586
Finding
10.

Autosomal recessive inheritance

A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on one of the autosomes (i.e., the human chromosomes 1-22) in which a trait manifests in homozygotes. In the context of medical genetics, autosomal recessive disorders manifest in homozygotes (with two copies of the mutant allele) or compound heterozygotes (whereby each copy of a gene has a distinct mutant allele). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
141025
Concept ID:
C0441748
Genetic Function; Intellectual Product
11.

Severe

Having a high degree of severity. For quantitative traits, a deviation of between four and five standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
Qualitative Concept
12.

Severity

The intensity or degree of a manifestation. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
101096
Concept ID:
C0522510
Qualitative Concept
13.

Unrelated

Not connected or associated e.g. by kinship. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
99027
Concept ID:
C0445356
Finding
14.

Intellectual disability, mild

Mild intellectual disability is defined as an intelligence quotient (IQ) in the range of 50-69. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
10044
Concept ID:
C0026106
Finding; Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Mucopolysaccharidosis

Group of lysosomal storage diseases each caused by an inherited deficiency of an enzyme involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (mucopolysaccharides). The diseases are progressive and often display a wide spectrum of clinical severity within one enzyme deficiency. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7733
Concept ID:
C0026703
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Intellectual functioning disability

Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, has been defined as an IQ score below 70. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
7544
Concept ID:
C0025362
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Sanfilippo syndrome

Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III), also known as Sanfilippo syndrome, is a progressive disorder that primarily affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). Other body systems can also be involved.People with MPS III generally do not display any features of the condition at birth, but they begin to show signs and symptoms of the disorder during early childhood. Affected children often initially have delayed speech and behavior problems. They may become restless, destructive, anxious, or aggressive, and some display features of autism spectrum disorder, which is a condition characterized by difficulty with social interactions and communication. Sleep disturbances are also very common in children with MPS III. This condition causes progressive intellectual disability and the loss of previously acquired skills (developmental regression). In later stages of the disorder, people with MPS III may develop seizures and movement disorders.The physical features of MPS III are less pronounced than those of other types of mucopolysaccharidosis. Individuals with MPS III typically have mildly "coarse" facial features, a large head (macrocephaly), a slightly enlarged liver (mild hepatomegaly), and a soft out-pouching around the belly-button (umbilical hernia) or lower abdomen (inguinal hernia). Some people with MPS III have short stature, joint stiffness, or mild dysostosis multiplex, which refers to multiple skeletal abnormalities seen on x-ray. Affected individuals often experience chronic diarrhea and recurrent upper respiratory and ear infections. People with MPS III may also have hearing loss and vision problems.MPS III is divided into types IIIA, IIIB, IIIC, and IIID, which are distinguished by their genetic cause. The different types of MPS III have similar signs and symptoms, although the features of MPS IIIA typically appear earlier in life and progress more rapidly. People with MPS III usually live into adolescence or early adulthood.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
6452
Concept ID:
C0026706
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Mucinosis

Mucoid states characterized by the elevated deposition and accumulation of mucin (mucopolysaccharides) in dermal tissue. The fibroblasts are responsible for the production of acid mucopolysaccharides (GLYCOSAMINOGLYCANS) in the ground substance of the connective tissue system. When fibroblasts produce abnormally large quantities of mucopolysaccharides as hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, or heparin, they accumulate in large amounts in the dermis. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
56520
Concept ID:
C0162855
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Disorder of lysosomal enzyme

Disorder caused by defects in the function of the lysosomes resulting in the presence of small clear vacuoles containing phospholipids within the cytoplasm of various cells. (INHAND) [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
43098
Concept ID:
C0085078
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Inborn error of metabolism

Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6323
Concept ID:
C0025521
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
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