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Items: 14

1.

Substance abuse

Maladaptive pattern of drug or alcohol use that may lead to social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
152849
Concept ID:
C0740858
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Gambling, pathologic

Pathologic gambling is defined as a chronic and progressive failure to resist impulses to gamble accompanied by gambling behavior that compromises or damages personal, family, or vocational pursuits. The prevalence of pathologic gambling in the adult American population is estimated to be between 1 and 3% (review by Eisen et al., 1998). Comings et al. (2001) noted that some form of gambling is legal in all but 2 states in the U.S., and gambling on the Internet is available to anyone with a computer regardless of the local laws. They stated that as access to gambling has increased, there has been a corresponding increase in the frequency of addiction to gambling, known as pathologic gambling. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
14632
Concept ID:
C0030662
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
3.

Substance abuse

MedGen UID:
880105
Concept ID:
C2364059
4.

Drug abuse

The use of a drug for a reason other than which it was intended or in a manner or in quantities other than directed. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
41659
Concept ID:
C0013146
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Alcohol abuse

The use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions ("binge drinking") or as a regular practice. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
39339
Concept ID:
C0085762
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Ethyl alcohol

A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
9.

Alcohol-induced organic mental disorder

Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
68632
Concept ID:
C0236664
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Substance-Related Disorder

A category of psychiatric disorders which include disorders related to the taking of a drug of abuse (including alcohol, prescribed medications and recreational drugs). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
11.

Mental disorder

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
12.

Kleptomania

A disorder characterized by the recurrent failure to resist the impulse to steal items of little intrinsic value; the individual experiences a rising subjective sense of tension before the theft and a sense of gratification or relief during the theft. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5974
Concept ID:
C0022734
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
13.

Impulse control disorder

A category of behaviors that can be loosely defined as the failure to resist an impulsive act or behavior that may be harmful to self or others. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5769
Concept ID:
C0021122
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Alcohol dependence

Alcohol use disorder is a diagnosis made when an individual has severe problems related to drinking alcohol. Alcohol use disorder can cause major health, social, and economic problems, and can endanger affected individuals and others through behaviors prompted by impaired decision-making and lowered inhibitions, such as aggression, unprotected sex, or driving while intoxicated.Alcohol use disorder is a broad diagnosis that encompasses several commonly used terms describing problems with drinking. It includes alcoholism, also called alcohol addiction, which is a long-lasting (chronic) condition characterized by a powerful, compulsive urge to drink alcohol and the inability to stop drinking after starting. In addition to alcoholism, alcohol use disorder includes alcohol abuse, which involves problem drinking without addiction.Habitual excessive use of alcohol changes the chemistry of the brain and leads to tolerance, which means that over time the amount of alcohol ingested needs to be increased to achieve the same effect. Long-term excessive use of alcohol may also produce dependence, which means that when people stop drinking, they have physical and psychological symptoms of withdrawal, such as sleep problems, irritability, jumpiness, shakiness, restlessness, headache, nausea, sweating, anxiety, and depression. In severe cases, agitation, fever, seizures, and hallucinations can occur; this pattern of severe withdrawal symptoms is called delirium tremens.The heavy drinking that often occurs in alcohol use disorder, and can also occur in short-term episodes called binge drinking, can lead to a life-threatening overdose known as alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning occurs when a large quantity of alcohol consumed over a short time causes problems with breathing, heart rate, body temperature, and the gag reflex. Signs and symptoms can include vomiting, choking, confusion, slow or irregular breathing, pale or blue-tinged skin, seizures, a low body temperature, a toxic buildup of substances called ketones in the blood (alcoholic ketoacidosis), and passing out (unconsciousness). Coma, brain damage, and death can occur if alcohol poisoning is not treated immediately.Chronic heavy alcohol use can also cause long-term problems affecting many organs and systems of the body. These health problems include irreversible liver disease (cirrhosis), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), brain dysfunction (encephalopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), high blood pressure (hypertension), stroke, weakening of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), irregular heartbeats (arrhythmia), and immune system problems. Long-term overuse of alcohol also increases the risk of certain cancers, including cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, liver, and breast. Alcohol use in pregnant women can cause birth defects and fetal alcohol syndrome, which can lead to lifelong physical and behavioral problems in the affected child.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
1801
Concept ID:
C0001973
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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