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Vitamin B1 deficiency

MedGen UID:
21136
Concept ID:
C0039841
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: Deficiencies, Thiamine; Deficiency, Thiamine; Thiamine Deficiencies; Thiamine Deficiency
SNOMED CT: Thiamin deficiency (399357009); Aneurin deficiency (399357009); Thiamine deficiency (399357009); Vitamin B1 deficiency (399357009)
 
HPO: HP:0100503

Definition

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171) [from MeSH]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVVitamin B1 deficiency

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Darlington WS, Pinto N, Hecktman HM, Cohn SL, LaBelle JL
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2015 Dec;62(12):2232-4. Epub 2015 Jul 14 doi: 10.1002/pbc.25650. PMID: 26174546
Brazg J, Ruest A, Law S, Bosoy D
J Emerg Med 2015 Oct;49(4):471-4. Epub 2015 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.03.022. PMID: 26104844
Lallas M, Desai J
World J Pediatr 2014 Nov;10(4):293-8. Epub 2014 Dec 17 doi: 10.1007/s12519-014-0506-9. PMID: 25515801
Ringe H, Schuelke M, Weber S, Dorner BG, Kirchner S, Dorner MB
Pediatrics 2014 Nov;134(5):e1436-40. Epub 2014 Oct 13 doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-3378. PMID: 25311602
Harper C
Eur J Neurol 2006 Oct;13(10):1078-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2006.01530.x. PMID: 16987159

Diagnosis

Brazg J, Ruest A, Law S, Bosoy D
J Emerg Med 2015 Oct;49(4):471-4. Epub 2015 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.03.022. PMID: 26104844
Lallas M, Desai J
World J Pediatr 2014 Nov;10(4):293-8. Epub 2014 Dec 17 doi: 10.1007/s12519-014-0506-9. PMID: 25515801
Harper C
Eur J Neurol 2006 Oct;13(10):1078-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2006.01530.x. PMID: 16987159
Keyser A, De Bruijn SF
Eur Neurol 1991;31(3):121-5. PMID: 2044623
EISEMAN B
Surgery 1953 Nov;34(5):863-6. PMID: 13113506

Therapy

Darlington WS, Pinto N, Hecktman HM, Cohn SL, LaBelle JL
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2015 Dec;62(12):2232-4. Epub 2015 Jul 14 doi: 10.1002/pbc.25650. PMID: 26174546
Brazg J, Ruest A, Law S, Bosoy D
J Emerg Med 2015 Oct;49(4):471-4. Epub 2015 Jun 20 doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2015.03.022. PMID: 26104844
Lallas M, Desai J
World J Pediatr 2014 Nov;10(4):293-8. Epub 2014 Dec 17 doi: 10.1007/s12519-014-0506-9. PMID: 25515801
Scarpellini E, Cafarotti S, Cesario A, Lococo F, Margaritora S, Gabrielli M, Tortora A, Gasbarrini A, Granone P
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2012 Oct;16 Suppl 4:44-7. PMID: 23090806
Tjandra BS, Janknegt RA
J Urol 1997 Mar;157(3):954-5. PMID: 9072614

Prognosis

Darlington WS, Pinto N, Hecktman HM, Cohn SL, LaBelle JL
Pediatr Blood Cancer 2015 Dec;62(12):2232-4. Epub 2015 Jul 14 doi: 10.1002/pbc.25650. PMID: 26174546
Lallas M, Desai J
World J Pediatr 2014 Nov;10(4):293-8. Epub 2014 Dec 17 doi: 10.1007/s12519-014-0506-9. PMID: 25515801
Manzo G, De Gennaro A, Cozzolino A, Serino A, Fenza G, Manto A
Biomed Res Int 2014;2014:503596. Epub 2014 Jun 24 doi: 10.1155/2014/503596. PMID: 25050351Free PMC Article
Cerase A, Rubenni E, Rufa A, Vallone I, Galluzzi P, Coratti G, Franchi F, Giannini F, Venturi C
Radiol Med 2011 Mar;116(2):319-33. Epub 2011 Jan 12 doi: 10.1007/s11547-011-0618-x. PMID: 21225366
Yabuki S, Nakaya K, Sugimura T, Utsunomiya T, Shiomi F
Folia Psychiatr Neurol Jpn 1976;30(4):517-29. PMID: 1017763

Clinical prediction guides

Scarpellini E, Cafarotti S, Cesario A, Lococo F, Margaritora S, Gabrielli M, Tortora A, Gasbarrini A, Granone P
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2012 Oct;16 Suppl 4:44-7. PMID: 23090806
Oudman E, Zwart E
J Am Med Dir Assoc 2012 Nov;13(9):778-81. Epub 2012 Sep 13 doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2012.08.003. PMID: 22980997
Fama R, Pitel AL, Sullivan EV
Neuropsychol Rev 2012 Jun;22(2):93-104. Epub 2012 May 30 doi: 10.1007/s11065-012-9207-0. PMID: 22644546Free PMC Article
Yucebilgin S, Cirpan T, Sanhal CY, Ozan E, Acar T, Ozsener S
JBR-BTR 2011 Jan-Feb;94(1):24-5. PMID: 21466059
Yabuki S, Nakaya K, Sugimura T, Utsunomiya T, Shiomi F
Folia Psychiatr Neurol Jpn 1976;30(4):517-29. PMID: 1017763

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