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1.

Gambling, pathologic

Pathologic gambling is defined as a chronic and progressive failure to resist impulses to gamble accompanied by gambling behavior that compromises or damages personal, family, or vocational pursuits. The prevalence of pathologic gambling in the adult American population is estimated to be between 1 and 3% (review by Eisen et al., 1998). Comings et al. (2001) noted that some form of gambling is legal in all but 2 states in the U.S., and gambling on the Internet is available to anyone with a computer regardless of the local laws. They stated that as access to gambling has increased, there has been a corresponding increase in the frequency of addiction to gambling, known as pathologic gambling. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
14632
Concept ID:
C0030662
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Panic

A sudden and overwhelming sense of fear characterized by the inability to function as normal. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45300
Concept ID:
C0030318
Finding
3.

Panic disorder

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror when there is no real danger. You may feel as if you are losing control. You may also have physical symptoms, such as. -Fast heartbeat. -Chest or stomach pain. -Breathing difficulty. -Weakness or dizziness. -Sweating. -Feeling hot or a cold chill. -Tingly or numb hands. Panic attacks can happen anytime, anywhere, and without warning. You may live in fear of another attack and may avoid places where you have had an attack. For some people, fear takes over their lives and they cannot leave their homes. Panic disorder is more common in women than men. It usually starts when people are young adults. Sometimes it starts when a person is under a lot of stress. Most people get better with treatment. Therapy can show you how to recognize and change your thinking patterns before they lead to panic. Medicines can also help. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14588
Concept ID:
C0030319
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
4.

Mental Depression

Depression is a serious medical illness. It's more than just a feeling of being sad or blue for a few days. If you are one of the more than 19 million teens and adults in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include. -Feeling sad or empty. -Loss of interest in favorite activities. -Overeating, or not wanting to eat at all. -Not being able to sleep, or sleeping too much. -Feeling very tired. -Feeling hopeless, irritable, anxious, or guilty. -Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems. -Thoughts of death or suicide. Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can happen at any age, but it often begins in teens and young adults. It is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder. There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants, talk therapy, or both. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8325
Concept ID:
C0011570
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Agoraphobia

A type of anxiety disorder characterized by avoidance of public places, especially where crowds gather. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
175
Concept ID:
C0001818
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Panic Disorder

MedGen UID:
910399
Concept ID:
CN240645
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Episodic

Applied to a sign, symptom, or other manifestation that occurs at least twice and potentially multiple times but separated by an interval in whichthe sign, symptom, or manifestation is not present. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
910017
Concept ID:
CN240220
Organism Attribute
8.

Depression

MedGen UID:
881016
Concept ID:
CN236657
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
851585
Concept ID:
C1548428
Finding
10.

Illness

A state of ill health, bodily malfunction, or discomfort. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
526241
Concept ID:
C0221423
Sign or Symptom
11.

History of previous events

The aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present; a record or narrative description of past events. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
389153
Concept ID:
C2004062
Finding
12.

History of

A record of a patient's background regarding health and the occurrence of disease events of the individual. In addition, personal medical history may be a variable in epidemiologic studies. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
82657
Concept ID:
C0262926
Finding
13.

Depression

A condition characterized by pervasive dysphoric mood, loss of interests, and inability to experience pleasure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
4229
Concept ID:
C0011581
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Anxiety neurosis

Term was discontinued in 1997. In 2000, the term was removed from all records containing it, and replaced with ANXIETY DISORDERS, its postable counterpart. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
226912
Concept ID:
C1279420
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
16.

Mood disorder

Most people feel sad or irritable from time to time. They may say they're in a bad mood. A mood disorder is different. It affects a person's everyday emotional state. Nearly one in ten people aged 18 and older have mood disorders. These include depression and bipolar disorder (also called manic depression). Mood disorders can increase a person's risk for heart disease, diabetes, and other diseases. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. With treatment, most people with mood disorders can lead productive lives.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
99866
Concept ID:
C0525045
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
17.

Depression, Neurotic

A term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
76370
Concept ID:
C0282126
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including. -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
19.

Melancholia

A subtype of depression characterized by the inability to find pleasure in positive things combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6288
Concept ID:
C0025193
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
20.

Kleptomania

A disorder characterized by the recurrent failure to resist the impulse to steal items of little intrinsic value; the individual experiences a rising subjective sense of tension before the theft and a sense of gratification or relief during the theft. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5974
Concept ID:
C0022734
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
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