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MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Organism Function
Synonyms: Gestation; Pregnancies
SNOMED CT: Gestation (77386006); Pregnancy, function (289908002); Pregnancy (289908002)


The state or condition of having a developing embryo or fetus in the body (uterus), after union of an ovum and spermatozoon, during the period from conception to birth. [from NCI]

Professional guidelines


Berglund L, Brunzell JD, Goldberg AC, Goldberg IJ, Sacks F, Murad MH, Stalenhoef AF; Endocrine society.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012 Sep;97(9):2969-89. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-3213. PMID: 22962670Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Williamson GR, O'Connor A, Kayleigh EJ
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017 Feb 20;17(1):69. doi: 10.1186/s12884-017-1241-8. PMID: 28219350Free PMC Article
Headen I, Cohen AK, Mujahid M, Abrams B
Obes Rev 2017 Mar;18(3):350-369. doi: 10.1111/obr.12486. PMID: 28170169
Rogne T, Tielemans MJ, Chong MF, Yajnik CS, Krishnaveni GV, Poston L, Jaddoe VW, Steegers EA, Joshi S, Chong YS, Godfrey KM, Yap F, Yahyaoui R, Thomas T, Hay G, Hogeveen M, Demir A, Saravanan P, Skovlund E, Martinussen MP, Jacobsen GW, Franco OH, Bracken MB, Risnes KR
Am J Epidemiol 2017 Feb 1;185(3):212-223. doi: 10.1093/aje/kww212. PMID: 28108470Free PMC Article
Doyle IM, Borrmann B, Grosser A, Razum O, Spallek J
Public Health Nutr 2017 Apr;20(6):1009-1028. Epub 2016 Nov 17 doi: 10.1017/S1368980016002937. PMID: 27852338
Schuster S, Šklempe Kokić I, Sindik J
Acta Clin Croat 2016 Sep;55(3):440-452. doi: 10.20471/acc.2016.55.03.13. PMID: 29045109

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