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Items: 16

1.

Neuroblastoma

ALK-related neuroblastic tumor susceptibility results from heterozygosity for a germline ALK activating pathogenic variant in the tyrosine kinase domain that predisposes to neuroblastic tumors. The spectrum of neuroblastic tumors includes neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, and ganglioneuroma. Neuroblastoma is a more malignant tumor and ganglioneuroma a more benign tumor. Depending on the histologic findings ganglioneuroblastoma can behave in a more aggressive fashion, like neuroblastoma, or in a benign fashion, like ganglioneuroma. At present there are no data regarding the lifetime risk to an individual with a germline ALK pathogenic variant of developing a neuroblastic tumor. Preliminary data from the ten reported families with ALK-related neuroblastic tumor susceptibility suggest that the overall penetrance is around 57% with the risk for neuroblastic tumor development highest in infancy and decreasing by late childhood. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
18012
Concept ID:
C0027819
Neoplastic Process
2.

Transplantation

MedGen UID:
881115
Concept ID:
CN236682
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a malignant tumor of neural crest cells, the cells that give rise to the sympathetic nervous system, which is observed in children. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798120
Concept ID:
CN205405
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a solid tumor that originate in neural crest cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Most neuroblastomas originate in the abdomen, and most abdominal neuroblastomas originate in the adrenal gland. Neuroblastomas can also originate in the thorax, usually in the posterior mediastinum. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505432
Concept ID:
CN002717
Finding
5.

Potassium aggravated myotonia

A very rare, persistent and more severe form of potassium-aggravated myotonia. Begins during childhood (usually before 10 years of age) and involves mainly the face, neck, limbs, and thoracic muscles. It can be aggravated by exercise or potassium ingestion and less often by cold. Myotonia permanens is a muscle sodium channelopathy due to missense mutations of the SCN4A gene encoding the alpha subunit of the skeletal muscle voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.4. Transmission is autosomal dominant. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
444151
Concept ID:
C2931826
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Peripheral neuroepithelioma

MedGen UID:
483352
Concept ID:
C3489398
Neoplastic Process
7.

Ependymoblastoma

A rare type of primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) that usually occurs in young children under the age of 2 and is histologically distinguished by the production of ependymoblastic rosettes. It is associated with an aggressive course and a poor prognosis. [from SNOMEDCT_US]

MedGen UID:
152150
Concept ID:
C0700367
Neoplastic Process
8.

Peripheral neuroepithelioma

The Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (primitive neuroectodermal tumors; PNET) comprise morphologically heterogeneous tumors that are characterized by nonrandom chromosomal translocations involving the EWS gene on chromosome 22q12 and one of several members of the ETS family of transcription factors. The tumors include Ewing sarcoma, peripheral neuroepithelioma, and Askin tumor. In approximately 90% of cases of ESFT, the FLI1 gene (193067) on chromosome 11 is the fusion partner of EWS; in approximately 10%, the EWS fusion partner is the ERG gene (165080) on chromosome 22. Many other ETS family members have been identified as fusion partners of EWS, but these cases are rare (Khoury, 2005). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
151926
Concept ID:
C0684337
Neoplastic Process
9.

Medulloepithelioma

A primitive neuroectodermal tumor that originates from the cells of the embryonic medullary canal. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
87272
Concept ID:
C0334596
Neoplastic Process
10.

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor

An aggressive malignant embryonal neoplasm arising from the central nervous system. This category includes ependymoblastoma, medulloepithelioma, and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor. It usually follows an aggressive clinical course. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
64627
Concept ID:
C0206663
Neoplastic Process
11.

Neuroepithelial neoplasm

Neoplasms composed of neuroepithelial cells, which have the capacity to differentiate into NEURONS, oligodendrocytes, and ASTROCYTES. The majority of craniospinal tumors are of neuroepithelial origin. (From Dev Biol 1998 Aug 1;200(1):1-5) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60215
Concept ID:
C0206715
Neoplastic Process
12.

Neuroectodermal neoplasm

A neoplasm arising in the neuroectoderm, the portion of the ectoderm of the early embryo that gives rise to the central and peripheral nervous systems, including some glial cells. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
60072
Concept ID:
C0206093
Neoplastic Process
13.

Embryonal neoplasm

new abnormal embryonic tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45034
Concept ID:
C0027654
Neoplastic Process
14.

Nervous tissue neoplasm

A neoplasm derived from nervous tissue (not necessarity a neoplasm located in the nervous system). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
14324
Concept ID:
C0027665
Neoplastic Process
15.

Neuroblastoma 5

MedGen UID:
442787
Concept ID:
C2751679
Finding
16.

Neuroblastoma 4

MedGen UID:
414082
Concept ID:
C2751680
Finding
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