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1.

Cervix cancer

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. The virus spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. You're at higher risk if you smoke, have had many children, use birth control pills for a long time, or have HIV infection. . Cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms at first. Later, you may have pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. Your health care provider can find abnormal cells by doing a Pap test to examine cells from the cervix. You may also have an HPV test. If your results are abnormal, you may need a biopsy or other tests. By getting regular screenings, you can find and treat any problems before they turn into cancer. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination. The choice of treatment depends on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread and whether you would like to become pregnant someday. Vaccines can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
890252
Concept ID:
C4048328
Neoplastic Process
2.

Carcinoma of cervix

A carcinoma arising from either the exocervical squamous epithelium or the endocervical glandular epithelium. The major histologic types of cervical carcinoma are: squamous carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
86222
Concept ID:
C0302592
Neoplastic Process
3.

Intraepithelial Neoplasia

A precancerous neoplastic process that affects the squamous, glandular, or transitional cell epithelium without evidence of invasion. According to the degree of nuclear atypia, number of mitotic figures, and presence of architectural distortion, it is classified as low grade (mild dysplasia) or high grade (moderate or severe dysplasia). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
164203
Concept ID:
C0878500
Neoplastic Process
4.

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Squamous or glandular intraepithelial neoplasia that affects the cervical mucosal epithelium. There is no evidence of stromal invasion. According to the degree of cellular atypia and the associated architectural changes, it is classified as low or high grade. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60214
Concept ID:
C0206708
Neoplastic Process
5.

Methylation

The covalent chemical or biochemical addition of a methyl group(s) to a compound. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44400
Concept ID:
C0025723
Molecular Function
6.

Malignant Neoplasm

Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body. . Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation. . NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14297
Concept ID:
C0006826
Neoplastic Process
7.

Infections

MedGen UID:
678472
Concept ID:
C0851162
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Related

MedGen UID:
619805
Concept ID:
C0445223
Finding
9.

Staining (finding)

MedGen UID:
352872
Concept ID:
C1704680
Finding
10.

Positive

A presence finding of the specified component / analyte, organism or clinical sign based on the established threshold of the performed test or procedure.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
254858
Concept ID:
C1446409
Finding
11.

High Grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Squamous or glandular cervical intraepithelial neoplasia characterized by the presence of moderate or severe dysplastic changes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
232286
Concept ID:
C1334011
Neoplastic Process
12.

Severe

Having a high degree of severity. For quantitative traits, a deviation of between four and five standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
Qualitative Concept
13.

Transient

Not permanent; not lasting; lacking continuity or regularity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
64403
Concept ID:
C0205374
Temporal Concept
14.

Vaccines

A Type of medicine that creates an immune protection without the recipient experiencing the disease.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
52963
Concept ID:
C0042210
Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Female Urogenital Diseases

Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
318599
Concept ID:
C1720887
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications

Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
318565
Concept ID:
C1720765
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Disease due to Papilloma virus

Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
185132
Concept ID:
C0950124
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Viral disease

Viruses are capsules with genetic material inside. They are very tiny, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers. . Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This eventually kills the cells, which can make you sick. Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside your body's cells. They are protected from medicines, which usually move through your bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
53027
Concept ID:
C0042769
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Papilloma, Shope

papillomatous growth found in wild cottontail rabbits that is caused by a virus in the family Papovaviridae and can be transferred to domestic rabbits where it will cause similar growths; marked by the formation of horny warts, a high percentage of these growths may become malignant. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45305
Concept ID:
C0030357
Neoplastic Process
20.

DNA Virus Infections

Diseases caused by DNA VIRUSES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
41636
Concept ID:
C0012922
Disease or Syndrome
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