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Items: 9

1.

Urinary tract infectious disease

The urinary system is the body's drainage system for removing wastes and extra water. It includes two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the second most common type of infection in the body. You may have a UTI if you notice. -Pain or burning when you urinate. -Fever, tiredness, or shakiness. -An urge to urinate often. -Pressure in your lower belly . -Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy or reddish. -Pain in your back or side below the ribs. People of any age or sex can get UTIs. But about four times as many women get UTIs as men. You're also at higher risk if you have diabetes, need a tube to drain your bladder, or have a spinal cord injury. If you think you have a UTI it is important to see your doctor. Your doctor can tell if you have a UTI with a urine test. Treatment is with antibiotics. . NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
52943
Concept ID:
C0042029
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Methenamine hippurate

The hippurate salt form of methenamine, a prodrug and inactive weak base that slowly hydrolyzes in acidic urine to ammonia and the effective, urinary tract antiseptic formaldehyde. Formaldehyde probably exerts its antibacterial effect by denaturation of protein. Depending on the urinary concentrations, formaldehyde is either bactericidal or bacteriostatic. Formaldehyde urinary concentrations are dependent on urine pH, volume, and flow rate. Formaldehyde acts as an antibacterial agent against gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
32556
Concept ID:
C0066105
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Methenamine

An anti-infective agent most commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Its anti-infective action derives from the slow release of formaldehyde by hydrolysis at acidic pH. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p173) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7586
Concept ID:
C0025638
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Infections

MedGen UID:
678472
Concept ID:
C0851162
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Recurrent urinary tract infections

Repeated infections of the urinary tract. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
500878
Concept ID:
CN000011
Finding
6.

Aminoform

MedGen UID:
196439
Concept ID:
C0729174
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Urotropin

MedGen UID:
152650
Concept ID:
C0729175
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Renal drug

Drugs used for their effects on the kidneys' regulation of body fluid composition and volume. The most commonly used are the diuretics. Also included are drugs used for their antidiuretic and uricosuric actions, for their effects on the kidneys' clearance of other drugs, and for diagnosis of renal function. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
20522
Concept ID:
C0035064
Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary

Substances capable of killing agents causing urinary tract infections or of preventing them from spreading. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1964
Concept ID:
C0003207
Pharmacologic Substance
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