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Items: 17

1.

Insulin

Insulin (51 aa, ~6 kDa) is encoded by the human INS gene. This protein is involved in the direct regulation of glucose metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5827
Concept ID:
C0021641
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Acute

Sudden appearance of disease manifestations over a short period of time. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
Temporal Concept
3.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection. You can catch it from a person who has the infection and coughs or sneezes. You can also get infected by coming in contact with an object, such as a toy, that has bacteria on it. Diphtheria usually affects the nose and throat. Symptoms include. -Sore throat. -Swollen glands in the neck. -Fever. -Weakness. Your doctor will diagnose it based on your signs and symptoms and a lab test. Getting treatment for diphtheria quickly is important. If your doctor suspects that you have it, you'll start treatment before the lab tests come back. Treatment is with antibiotics. The diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus vaccine can prevent diphtheria, but its protection does not last forever. Children need another dose, or booster, at about age 12. Then, as adults, they should get a booster every 10 years. Diphtheria is very rare in the United States because of the vaccine. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4334
Concept ID:
C0012546
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Mass of body structure

A benign or malignant pathologic structure in any part of the body, resulting from a neoplastic accumulation of cells, inflammatory cells, or cystic changes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108287
Concept ID:
C0577559
Finding
5.

Fat

The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5132
Concept ID:
C0015677
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Weight loss

Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
853198
Concept ID:
C1262477
Finding; Finding
7.

Insulins

Peptide hormones that cause an increase in the absorption of GLUCOSE by cells within organs such as LIVER, MUSCLE and ADIPOSE TISSUE. During normal metabolism insulins are produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS in response to increased GLUCOSE. Natural and chemically-modified forms of insulin are also used in the treatment of GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS such as DIABETES MELLITUS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
760846
Concept ID:
C3537244
Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Clinical finding

clinical manifestations that can be either objective when observed by a physician, or subjective when perceived by the patient. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
19974
Concept ID:
C0037088
Sign or Symptom
9.

Pancreatic Hormones

Peptide hormones secreted into the blood by cells in the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS of the pancreas. The alpha cells secrete glucagon; the beta cells secrete insulin; the delta cells secrete somatostatin; and the PP cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14585
Concept ID:
C0030292
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Novolin

MedGen UID:
10388
Concept ID:
C0028467
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Iletin

MedGen UID:
7012
Concept ID:
C0020884
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Weight change

A clinical manifestation consisting of alterations in an individual's weight from his or her norm. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2305
Concept ID:
C0005911
Finding
14.

Anti-CD20-engineered Toxin Body MT-3724

An engineered toxin body (ETB) composed of the single-chain variable fragment (ScFv) from an antibody targeting CD20 that is linked to a modified form of the ribosome-inactivating alpha subunit of Shiga-like toxin 1 (Shiga-like Toxin-1 A or SLT-1A), with antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, the ScFv moiety of anti-CD20-engineered toxin body MT-3724 targets and binds to the CD20 antigen expressed on tumor cells. Upon internalization, the SLT-1A moiety is released and acts as an N-glycosidase, which binds to and cleaves an adenine nucleobase in the 28S RNA component of the 60S subunit of ribosomes and prevents ribosome activity. This inhibits protein synthesis and eventually leads to apoptosis of CD20-expressing tumor cells. CD20, a B-cell specific transmembrane protein and tumor-associated antigen (TAA), is expressed during most stages of B-cell development and is often overexpressed in B-cell malignancies. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
884983
Concept ID:
C4053580
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Mass of pancreas

MedGen UID:
678802
Concept ID:
C0877425
Finding
16.

Finding of pancreas

MedGen UID:
660641
Concept ID:
C0577077
Finding
17.

Loss of body fat - finding

MedGen UID:
603332
Concept ID:
C0424630
Finding
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