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Caesarian section

MedGen UID:
863
Concept ID:
C0007876
Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure
Synonyms: Abdominal Deliveries; Abdominal Delivery; C Section (OB); C-Section (OB); C-Sections (OB); Caesarean Section; Caesarean Sections; Cesarean Section; Cesarean Sections; Deliveries, Abdominal; Delivery, Abdominal
SNOMED CT: CS - Cesarean section (11466000); Cesarean section (11466000)
 

Definition

A Cesarean section (C-section) is surgery to deliver a baby. The baby is taken out through the mother's abdomen. In the United States, about one in four women have their babies this way. Most C-sections are done when unexpected problems happen during delivery. These include. -Health problems in the mother. -The position of the baby . -Not enough room for the baby to go through the vagina. -Signs of distress in the baby. C-sections are also more common among women carrying more than one baby. The surgery is relatively safe for mother and baby. Still, it is major surgery and carries risks. It also takes longer to recover from a C-section than from vaginal birth. After healing, the incision may leave a weak spot in the wall of the uterus. This could cause problems with an attempted vaginal birth later. However, more than half of women who have a C-section can give vaginal birth later.  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent systematic reviews

Higgins KS, Birnie KA, Chambers CT, Wilson AC, Caes L, Clark AJ, Lynch M, Stinson J, Campbell-Yeo M
Pain 2015 Nov;156(11):2256-66. doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000293. PMID: 26172553Free PMC Article
Carolan M
Midwifery 2013 May;29(5):479-89. Epub 2012 Nov 16 doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2012.04.001. PMID: 23159159
Limperopoulos C, Benson CB, Bassan H, Disalvo DN, Kinnamon DD, Moore M, Ringer SA, Volpe JJ, du Plessis AJ
Pediatrics 2005 Sep;116(3):717-24. doi: 10.1542/peds.2005-0556. PMID: 16140713
Milner JD, Gergen PJ
Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2005 Jun;5(3):235-40. PMID: 15864081
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1995 Feb 1;8(2):161-75. PMID: 7530586

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