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Items: 15

1.

Tremor

Tremors are unintentional trembling or shaking movements in one or more parts of your body. Most tremors occur in the hands. You can also have arm, head, face, vocal cord, trunk, and leg tremors. Tremors are most common in middle-aged and older people, but anyone can have them. The cause of tremors is a problem in the parts of the brain that control muscles in the body or in specific parts of the body, such as the hands. They commonly occur in otherwise healthy people. They may also be caused by problems such as. -Parkinson's disease. -Dystonia. -Multiple sclerosis. -Stroke. -Traumatic brain injury. -Alcohol abuse and withdrawal. -Certain medicines. Some forms are inherited and run in families. Others have no known cause. . There is no cure for most tremors. Treatment to relieve them depends on their cause. In many cases, medicines and sometimes surgical procedures can reduce or stop tremors and improve muscle control. Tremors are not life threatening. However, they can be embarrassing and make it hard to perform daily tasks. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
21635
Concept ID:
C0040822
Sign or Symptom
2.

Dystonia

An abnormally increased muscular tone that causes fixed abnormal postures. There is a slow, intermittent twisting motion that leads to exaggerated turning and posture of the extremities and trunk. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
3940
Concept ID:
C0013421
Sign or Symptom
3.

Abnormality of mitochondrial metabolism

A functional anomaly of mitochondria. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
867369
Concept ID:
C4021734
Finding
4.

Dystonia, mitochondrial

MedGen UID:
865044
Concept ID:
C4016607
Finding
5.

Tremor

MedGen UID:
472309
Concept ID:
CN130231
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Dystonia, adult-onset

MedGen UID:
199835
Concept ID:
C0752197
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Dystonia

Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing abnormal, often repetitive movements and/or postures. Dystonic movements are typically patterned and twisting, and may be associated with tremor. Dystonia is often initiated or worsened by voluntary action and associated with overflow muscle activation. Dystonia can be classified clinically according to age of onset, body distribution, temporal pattern, and associated features (i.e., isolated dystonia – in which it is the only motor feature except tremor; combined dystonia – in which another movement disorder is present; or complex dystonia – in which other neurologic or systemic manifestations are present). [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
140732
Concept ID:
C0393593
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Frequent

Coming at short intervals or in great quantities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87144
Concept ID:
C0332183
Temporal Concept
9.

Stereotypy

A stereotypy is a repetitive, simple movement that can be voluntarily suppressed. Stereotypies are typically simple back-and-forth movements such as waving of flapping the hands or arms, and they do not involve complex sequences or movement fragments. Movement is often but not always rhythmic and may involve fingers, wrists, or more proximal portions of the upper extremity. The lower extremity is not typically involved. Stereotypies are more commonly bilateral than unilateral. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21320
Concept ID:
C0038273
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Limb dystonia

A type of dystonia (abnormally increased muscular tone causing fixed abnormal postures) that affects muscles of the limbs. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
152944
Concept ID:
C0751093
Sign or Symptom
11.

Asterixis

A clinical sign indicating a lapse of posture and is usually manifest by a bilateral flapping tremor at the wrist, metacarpophalangeal, and hip joints. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
115916
Concept ID:
C0232766
Sign or Symptom
12.

Paroxysmal dystonia

A form of dystonia characterized by episodes of dystonia (often hemidystonia or generalized) lasting from minutes to hours. There are no dystonic symptoms between episodes. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
97951
Concept ID:
C0393588
Sign or Symptom
13.

Hemiballismus

Hemiballismus is a rare movement disorder that is caused primarily by damage to various areas in the basal ganglia. Hemiballismus is usually characterized by involuntary flinging motions of the extremities. The movements are often violent and have wide amplitudes of motion. They are continuous and random and can involve proximal and/or distal muscles on one side of the body, while some cases even include the facial muscles. The more a patient is active, the more the movements increase. With relaxation comes a decrease in movements. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
67443
Concept ID:
C0221169
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
14.

Dyskinesia

A movement disorder which consists of effects including diminished voluntary movements and the presence of involuntary movements. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
8514
Concept ID:
C0013384
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Tremor by anatomical site

Tremor classified by the affected body part. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
868201
Concept ID:
C4022593
Finding
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