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1.

Fleck corneal dystrophy

Fleck corneal dystrophy (CFD) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous tiny, dot-like white flecks scattered in all layers of the corneal stroma. Typically, the stroma located in between the flecks is clear, and the endothelium, the epithelium, Bowman layer, and Descemet membrane are normal. Patients are usually asymptomatic with normal vision, yet a small number of patients report the sensation of a minor photophobia. The flecks in CFD can appear as early as 2 years of age, or sometimes even at birth, and appear not to progress significantly throughout life. Histologically, the corneal flecks appear to correspond to abnormal keratocytes swollen with membrane-limited intracytoplasmic vesicles containing complex lipids and glycosaminoglycans (summary by Kawasaki et al., 2012). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
287065
Concept ID:
C1562113
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Aneurysm

An aneurysm is a bulge or ballooning in the wall of an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of the body. If an aneurysm grows large, it can burst and cause dangerous bleeding or even death. . Most aneurysms occur in the aorta, the main artery that runs from the heart through the chest and abdomen. Aneurysms also can happen in arteries in the brain, heart and other parts of the body. If an aneurysm in the brain bursts, it causes a stroke. Aneurysms can develop and become large before causing any symptoms. Often doctors can stop aneurysms from bursting if they find and treat them early. They use imaging tests to find aneurysms. Often aneurysms are found by chance during tests done for other reasons. Medicines and surgery are the two main treatments for aneurysms. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8076
Concept ID:
C0002940
Disease or Syndrome

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