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choking

MedGen UID:
40257
Concept ID:
C0008301
Finding; Pathologic Function
Synonyms: Choking
SNOMED CT: Choking (249489001)
 

Definition

Food or small objects can cause choking if they get caught in your throat and block your airway. This keeps oxygen from getting to your lungs and brain. If your brain goes without oxygen for more than four minutes, you could have brain damage or die. Young children are at an especially high risk of choking. They can choke on foods like hot dogs, nuts and grapes, and on small objects like toy pieces and coins. Keep hazards out of their reach and supervise them when they eat. When someone is choking, quick action can be lifesaving. Learn how to do back blows, the Heimlich maneuver (abdominal thrusts), and CPR. .  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Flamand M, Herlin B, Leu-Semenescu S, Attali V, Launois C, Arnulf I
Sleep Med 2015 Nov;16(11):1441-7. Epub 2015 May 29 doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.03.023. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26321428
Cameron SL, Taylor RW, Heath AL
BMC Pediatr 2015 Aug 26;15:99. doi: 10.1186/s12887-015-0422-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26306667Free PMC Article
AlBuhairan F, AlMutairi A, Al Eissa M, Naeem M, Almuneef M
J Forensic Leg Med 2015 Feb;30:43-5. Epub 2015 Jan 7 doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2014.12.015. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25623195
Guthrie S, Lecko C, Roddam H
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2015 Mar;28(2):121-32. Epub 2014 Sep 17 doi: 10.1111/jar.12116. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25229361
Sidell DR, Kim IA, Coker TR, Moreno C, Shapiro NL
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Dec;77(12):1940-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24113156

Diagnosis

Edwards GA
J Forensic Leg Med 2015 Oct;35:33-7. Epub 2015 Jul 3 doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2015.06.012. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26344456
Flamand M, Herlin B, Leu-Semenescu S, Attali V, Launois C, Arnulf I
Sleep Med 2015 Nov;16(11):1441-7. Epub 2015 May 29 doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.03.023. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26321428
Knowles ML, Lucas GM, Baumeister RF, Gardner WL
Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2015 Jun;41(6):805-21. doi: 10.1177/0146167215580775. PMID: 25956799
Sidell DR, Kim IA, Coker TR, Moreno C, Shapiro NL
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Dec;77(12):1940-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24113156
Chang CY, Cheng TJ, Lin CY, Chen JY, Lu TH, Kawachi I
Stroke 2013 Apr;44(4):1182-5. Epub 2013 Feb 28 doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.000663. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23449262

Therapy

Wu WS, Sung KC, Cheng TJ, Lu TH
BMJ Open 2015 Nov 12;5(11):e009464. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009464. PMID: 26563213Free PMC Article
Cameron SL, Taylor RW, Heath AL
BMC Pediatr 2015 Aug 26;15:99. doi: 10.1186/s12887-015-0422-8. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26306667Free PMC Article
Belletier C, Davranche K, Tellier IS, Dumas F, Vidal F, Hasbroucq T, Huguet P
Psychon Bull Rev 2015 Oct;22(5):1410-6. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0804-9. PMID: 25673216
Terzaghi M, Sartori I, Cremascoli R, Rustioni V, Manni R
J Clin Sleep Med 2014 Oct 15;10(10):1149-52. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.4122. PMID: 25317097Free PMC Article
Lopes R, Melo R, Curral R, Coelho R, Roma-Torres A
Eat Weight Disord 2014 Mar;19(1):125-31. Epub 2013 Jul 26 doi: 10.1007/s40519-013-0048-5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23888402

Prognosis

Wu WS, Sung KC, Cheng TJ, Lu TH
BMJ Open 2015 Nov 12;5(11):e009464. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009464. PMID: 26563213Free PMC Article
Lopes R, Melo R, Curral R, Coelho R, Roma-Torres A
Eat Weight Disord 2014 Mar;19(1):125-31. Epub 2013 Jul 26 doi: 10.1007/s40519-013-0048-5. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23888402
Sidell DR, Kim IA, Coker TR, Moreno C, Shapiro NL
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Dec;77(12):1940-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24113156
Chapin MM, Rochette LM, Annest JL, Haileyesus T, Conner KA, Smith GA
Pediatrics 2013 Aug;132(2):275-81. Epub 2013 Jul 29 doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-0260. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23897916
Chang CY, Cheng TJ, Lin CY, Chen JY, Lu TH, Kawachi I
Stroke 2013 Apr;44(4):1182-5. Epub 2013 Feb 28 doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.000663. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23449262

Clinical prediction guides

Wu WS, Sung KC, Cheng TJ, Lu TH
BMJ Open 2015 Nov 12;5(11):e009464. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009464. PMID: 26563213Free PMC Article
Chib VS, Shimojo S, O'Doherty JP
J Neurosci 2014 Nov 5;34(45):14833-44. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1491-14.2014. PMID: 25378151
Sidell DR, Kim IA, Coker TR, Moreno C, Shapiro NL
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Dec;77(12):1940-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24113156
Vine SJ, Lee D, Moore LJ, Wilson MR
Med Sci Sports Exerc 2013 Oct;45(10):1988-94. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31829406c7. PMID: 23542893
Wang Q, Ishikawa T, Michiue T, Zhu BL, Guan DW, Maeda H
Forensic Sci Int 2012 Jul 10;220(1-3):154-7. Epub 2012 Mar 14 doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.02.013. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22421325

Recent systematic reviews

Busse H, Harrop T, Gunnell D, Kipping R
Arch Dis Child 2015 Dec;100(12):1106-14. Epub 2015 Jun 25 doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308187. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26111816Free PMC Article
Sidell DR, Kim IA, Coker TR, Moreno C, Shapiro NL
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2013 Dec;77(12):1940-6. Epub 2013 Sep 12 doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.09.005. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24113156
Committee on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention
Pediatrics 2010 Mar;125(3):601-7. Epub 2010 Feb 22 doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-2862. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 20176668
Scemes S, Wielenska RC, Savoia MG, Bernik M
Rev Bras Psiquiatr 2009 Sep;31(3):257-60. Epub 2009 Aug 7 [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 19787155
Pediatrics 1993 Sep;92(3):477-9. PMID: 8361813

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