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Items: 3

1.

Risk factor

Something that increases the chance of developing a disease. Some examples of risk factors for cancer are age, a family history of certain cancers, use of tobacco products, being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals, infection with certain viruses or bacteria, and certain genetic changes. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
48477
Concept ID:
C0035648
Finding
2.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. . TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system. Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include. - A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer. - Weight loss. - Loss of appetite. - Coughing up blood or mucus. - Weakness or fatigue . - Fever. - Night sweats. Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22513
Concept ID:
C0041296
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Multidrug resistant tuberculosis

Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60163
Concept ID:
C0206526
Disease or Syndrome
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