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Items: 12

1.

Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is characterized by hemangioblastomas of the brain, spinal cord, and retina; renal cysts and clear cell renal cell carcinoma; pheochromocytoma, pancreatic cysts, and neuroendocrine tumors; endolymphatic sac tumors; and epididymal and broad ligament cysts. Cerebellar hemangioblastomas may be associated with headache, vomiting, gait disturbances, or ataxia. Spinal hemangioblastomas and related syrinx usually present with pain. Sensory and motor loss may develop with cord compression. Retinal hemangioblastomas may be the initial manifestation of VHL syndrome and can cause vision loss. Renal cell carcinoma occurs in about 70% of individuals with VHL and is the leading cause of mortality. Pheochromocytomas can be asymptomatic but may cause sustained or episodic hypertension. Pancreatic lesions often remain asymptomatic and rarely cause endocrine or exocrine insufficiency. Endolymphatic sac tumors can cause hearing loss of varying severity, which can be a presenting symptom. Cystadenomas of the epididymis are relatively common. They rarely cause problems, unless bilateral, in which case they may result in infertility. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
42458
Concept ID:
C0019562
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Von Hippel-Lindau

MedGen UID:
490007
Concept ID:
CN169367
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Visual loss

Loss of visual acuity (implying that vision was better at a certain timepoint in life - otherwise the term reduced visual acuity should be used (or a subclass of that). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504502
Concept ID:
CN000537
Finding
5.

Chorangioma

Hamartoma-like growth in the placenta consisting of blood vessels. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
195606
Concept ID:
C0677608
Neoplastic Process
6.

Hemangioblastoma

A hemangioblastoma is a benign vascular neoplasm that arises almost exclusively in the central nervous system. Hemangioblastomas consist of a tightly packed cluster of small blood vessels forming a mass of up to 1 or 2 cm in diameter. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
104929
Concept ID:
C0206734
Neoplastic Process
7.

Retinal neoplasm

Tumors or cancer of the RETINA. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
101180
Concept ID:
C0524801
Neoplastic Process
8.

Vascular disorder

The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels. It includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. Problems of the vascular system are common and can be serious. Arteries can become thick and stiff, a problem called atherosclerosis. Blood clots can clog vessels and block blood flow to the heart or brain. Weakened blood vessels can burst, causing bleeding inside the body. . You are more likely to have vascular disease as you get older. Other factors that make vascular disease more likely include. - Family history of vascular or heart diseases. - Pregnancy. - Illness or injury . - Long periods of sitting or standing still. - Any condition that affects the heart and blood vessels, such as diabetes or high cholesterol . - Smoking . - Obesity . Losing weight, eating healthy foods, being active and not smoking can help vascular disease. Other treatments include medicines and surgery.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22621
Concept ID:
C0042373
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Disorder of cardiovascular system

Any abnormality of the cardiovascular system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2848
Concept ID:
C0007222
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Tufted angioma

A vascular tumor of the skin and subcutaneous tissues and characterized by slow angiomatous proliferation. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
507035
Concept ID:
CN178706
Finding
11.

Tufted angioma of skin

Tufted angioma is a rare benign vascular lesion that predominantly affects children under 5 years of age but may occur in adulthood. Some cases of tufted angioma have been reported in the mother during pregnancy, whereas in other cases the tufted angioma may be congenital. The lesions occur predominantly on the neck, shoulders, and trunk and appear histologically in a 'cannonball' distribution of rounded nodules or tufts of capillary-sized vessels in the dermis, with lymphatic vessels present at the periphery. The natural history is slow progressive growth, after which it tends to remain stable in size. Regression has been reported in some cases. Tufted angioma should be distinguished from kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE). Multiple tufted angioma and KHE may be associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (141000), which is characterized by severe thrombocytopenia and consumption of coagulation factors (summary by Tille et al., 2003). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
83402
Concept ID:
C0346073
Neoplastic Process
12.

Ophthalmologic (adult onset)

MedGen UID:
851420
Concept ID:
CN232469
Finding
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