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Items: 1 to 20 of 26

1.

Microsatellite Instability

Genomic instability associated with defective DNA mismatch repair in tumors. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
182529
Concept ID:
C0920269
Pathologic Function
2.

Methylation

The covalent chemical or biochemical addition of a methyl group(s) to a compound. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44400
Concept ID:
C0025723
Molecular Function
3.

Colorectal Carcinoma

A malignant epithelial neoplasm that arises from the colon or rectum and invades through the muscularis mucosa into the submucosa. The vast majority are adenocarcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3170
Concept ID:
C0009402
Neoplastic Process
4.

Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
5.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
6.

Episodic

Applied to a sign, symptom, or other manifestation that occurs at least twice and potentially multiple times but separated by an interval in whichthe sign, symptom, or manifestation is not present. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
910017
Concept ID:
CN240220
Organism Attribute
7.

Usually

A response indicating that something happens or happened most of the time. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
854883
Concept ID:
C3888388
Finding
8.

Instability

MedGen UID:
731956
Concept ID:
C1444783
Finding
9.

Familial multiple polyposis syndrome

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an inherited disorder characterized by cancer of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. People with the classic type of familial adenomatous polyposis may begin to develop multiple noncancerous (benign) growths (polyps) in the colon as early as their teenage years. Unless the colon is removed, these polyps will become malignant (cancerous). The average age at which an individual develops colon cancer in classic familial adenomatous polyposis is 39 years. Some people have a variant of the disorder, called attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis, in which polyp growth is delayed. The average age of colorectal cancer onset for attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis is 55 years.In people with classic familial adenomatous polyposis, the number of polyps increases with age, and hundreds to thousands of polyps can develop in the colon. Also of particular significance are noncancerous growths called desmoid tumors. These fibrous tumors usually occur in the tissue covering the intestines and may be provoked by surgery to remove the colon. Desmoid tumors tend to recur after they are surgically removed. In both classic familial adenomatous polyposis and its attenuated variant, benign and malignant tumors are sometimes found in other places in the body, including the duodenum (a section of the small intestine), stomach, bones, skin, and other tissues. People who have colon polyps as well as growths outside the colon are sometimes described as having Gardner syndrome.A milder type of familial adenomatous polyposis, called autosomal recessive familial adenomatous polyposis, has also been identified. People with the autosomal recessive type of this disorder have fewer polyps than those with the classic type. Fewer than 100 polyps typically develop, rather than hundreds or thousands. The autosomal recessive type of this disorder is caused by mutations in a different gene than the classic and attenuated types of familial adenomatous polyposis. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
46010
Concept ID:
C0032580
Neoplastic Process
10.

DNA Methylation

The process by which methyl groups are added to nucleotides in genomic DNA. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
138191
Concept ID:
C0376452
Molecular Function
11.

Intestinal Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving the small or large intestine. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
43932
Concept ID:
C0021841
Neoplastic Process
12.

Disorder of rectum

Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19701
Concept ID:
C0034882
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Rectal Neoplasms

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the rectum. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include lipoma and leiomyoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. Rectal adenomas always exhibit epithelial dysplasia and are considered premalignant neoplasms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11148
Concept ID:
C0034885
Neoplastic Process
14.

Neoplasm by Site

A term that refers to the classification of a neoplastic process according to the anatomic site that is involved. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10296
Concept ID:
C0027653
Neoplastic Process
15.

Neoplasm of digestive tract

Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8398
Concept ID:
C0012243
Neoplastic Process
16.

Abnormality of the intestine

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the small or large intestine. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7130
Concept ID:
C0021831
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract

A benign or malignant neoplasm involving any part of the digestive system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4846
Concept ID:
C0017185
Neoplastic Process
18.

Abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract

An abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
3828
Concept ID:
C0012242
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Neoplasm of the large intestine

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the colon or rectum. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include lipoma and leiomyoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. Colorectal adenomas always exhibit epithelial dysplasia and are considered premalignant neoplasms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3171
Concept ID:
C0009404
Neoplastic Process
20.

Colonic Neoplasms

A benign or malignant neoplasm that affects the colon. Representative examples of benign neoplasms include lipoma and leiomyoma. Representative examples of malignant neoplasms include carcinoma, lymphoma, and sarcoma. Colonic adenomas always exhibit epithelial dysplasia and are considered premalignant neoplasms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
3165
Concept ID:
C0009375
Neoplastic Process
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