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1.

Cardiac arrhythmia

An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat. It means that your heart beats too quickly, too slowly, or with an irregular pattern. When the heart beats faster than normal, it is called tachycardia. When the heart beats too slowly, it is called bradycardia. The most common type of arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, which causes an irregular and fast heart beat. Many factors can affect your heart's rhythm, such as having had a heart attack, smoking, congenital heart defects, and stress. Some substances or medicines may also cause arrhythmias. . Symptoms of arrhythmias include. -Fast or slow heart beat. -Skipping beats. -Lightheadedness or dizziness. -Chest pain. -Shortness of breath . -Sweating . Your doctor can run tests to find out if you have an arrhythmia. Treatment to restore a normal heart rhythm may include medicines, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or pacemaker, or sometimes surgery. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2039
Concept ID:
C0003811
Finding; Finding
2.

Amitriptyline

A derivative of dibenzocycloheptadiene and a tricyclic antidepressant. Amitriptyline inhibits the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin by the presynaptic neuronal membrane in the central nervous system (CNS), thereby increasing the synaptic concentration of norepinephrine and serotonin. Due to constant stimulation to these receptors, amitriptyline may produce a downregulation of adrenergic and serotonin receptors, which may contribute to the antidepressant activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1486
Concept ID:
C0002600
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Seizure

MedGen UID:
506957
Concept ID:
CN178372
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Onset

The age group in which disease manifestations appear. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64519
Concept ID:
C0206132
Quantitative Concept
5.

Seizures

Seizures are symptoms of a brain problem. They happen because of sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. When people think of seizures, they often think of convulsions in which a person's body shakes rapidly and uncontrollably. Not all seizures cause convulsions. There are many types of seizures and some have mild symptoms. Seizures fall into two main groups. Focal seizures, also called partial seizures, happen in just one part of the brain. Generalized seizures are a result of abnormal activity on both sides of the brain. . Most seizures last from 30 seconds to 2 minutes and do not cause lasting harm. However, it is a medical emergency if seizures last longer than 5 minutes or if a person has many seizures and does not wake up between them. Seizures can have many causes, including medicines, high fevers, head injuries and certain diseases. People who have recurring seizures due to a brain disorder have epilepsy. . NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
20693
Concept ID:
C0036572
Sign or Symptom
6.

Cardiac arrest

The heart has an internal electrical system that controls the rhythm of the heartbeat. Problems can cause abnormal heart rhythms, called arrhythmias. There are many types of arrhythmia. During an arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or it can stop beating. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) occurs when the heart develops an arrhythmia that causes it to stop beating. This is different than a heart attack, where the heart usually continues to beat but blood flow to the heart is blocked. . There are many possible causes of SCA. They include coronary heart disease, physical stress, and some inherited disorders. Sometimes there is no known cause for the SCA. Without medical attention, the person will die within a few minutes. People are less likely to die if they have early defibrillation. Defibrillation sends an electric shock to restore the heart rhythm to normal. You should give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to a person having SCA until defibrillation can be done. If you have had an SCA, an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) reduces the chance of dying from a second SCA. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
5456
Concept ID:
C0018790
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
7.

Seizure Disorders

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes people to have recurring seizures. The seizures happen when clusters of nerve cells, or neurons, in the brain send out the wrong signals. People may have strange sensations and emotions or behave strangely. They may have violent muscle spasms or lose consciousness. Epilepsy has many possible causes, including illness, brain injury, and abnormal brain development. In many cases, the cause is unknown. Doctors use brain scans and other tests to diagnose epilepsy. It is important to start treatment right away. There is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines can control seizures for most people. When medicines are not working well, surgery or implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help. Special diets can help some children with epilepsy. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4506
Concept ID:
C0014544
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Laroxyl

MedGen UID:
453360
Concept ID:
C2980004
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Anapsique

MedGen UID:
303930
Concept ID:
C1448425
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Amitrol

MedGen UID:
303929
Concept ID:
C1448424
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Sarotex

MedGen UID:
303928
Concept ID:
C1448418
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Apo-Amitriptyline

MedGen UID:
257408
Concept ID:
C1448426
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Amitrip

MedGen UID:
257407
Concept ID:
C1448423
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Tryptine

MedGen UID:
257406
Concept ID:
C1448419
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Amitriptylin-neuraxpharm

MedGen UID:
255211
Concept ID:
C1448430
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Amineurin

MedGen UID:
255208
Concept ID:
C1448422
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Novoprotect

MedGen UID:
255207
Concept ID:
C1448421
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Syneudon

MedGen UID:
253303
Concept ID:
C1448420
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic, Familial

MedGen UID:
196726
Concept ID:
C0751118
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Endep

MedGen UID:
196550
Concept ID:
C0733667
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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