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Items: 16

1.

Granulosa Cell Tumor

A neoplasm composed entirely of GRANULOSA CELLS, occurring mostly in the OVARY. In the adult form, it may contain some THECA CELLS. This tumor often produces ESTRADIOL and INHIBIN. The excess estrogen exposure can lead to other malignancies in women and PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY in girls. In rare cases, granulosa cell tumors have been identified in the TESTES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6676
Concept ID:
C0018206
Neoplastic Process
2.

Spondylometaepiphyseal dysplasia short limb-hand type

MedGen UID:
338595
Concept ID:
C1849011
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Neoplasm

A malignant tumor at the original site of growth. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
227011
Concept ID:
C1306459
Finding; Neoplastic Process
4.

Testicular neoplasm

The presence of a neoplasm of the testis. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
52675
Concept ID:
C0039590
Neoplastic Process
5.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

An inherited condition that may result in the development of cancers of the endocrine system. There are several types of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome, and patients with each type may develop different types of cancer. The altered genes that cause each type can be detected with a blood test. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45036
Concept ID:
C0027662
Neoplastic Process
6.

Neoplasm of ovary

Ovarian cancer, the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancy, is characterized by advanced presentation with loco-regional dissemination in the peritoneal cavity and the rare incidence of visceral metastases (Chi et al., 2001). These typical features relate to the biology of the disease, which is a principal determinant of outcome (Auersperg et al., 2001). Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common form and encompasses 5 major histologic subtypes: papillary serous, endometrioid, mucinous, clear cell, and transitional cell. Epithelial ovarian cancer arises as a result of genetic alterations sustained by the ovarian surface epithelium (Stany et al., 2008; Soslow, 2008). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
181539
Concept ID:
C0919267
Neoplastic Process
7.

Sex cord-stromal tumor

A rare type of cancer that forms in the tissues that support the ovaries or testes. These tumors may release sex hormones. Sex cord-gonadal stromal tumors include granulosa cell, Sertoli cell, and Leydig cell tumors. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104926
Concept ID:
C0206724
Neoplastic Process
8.

Abnormality of the ovary

The ovaries are a pair of organs that women have. They are located in the pelvis, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce a woman's eggs. If an egg is fertilized by a sperm, a pregnancy can result. Ovaries also make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. When a woman goes through menopause, her ovaries stop releasing eggs and make far lower levels of hormones. Problems with the ovaries include. -Ovarian cancer. -Ovarian cysts and polycystic ovary syndrome. -Premature ovarian failure. -Ovarian torsion, a twisting of the ovary.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45256
Concept ID:
C0029928
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Genitourinary neoplasm

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the genitourinary system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
22583
Concept ID:
C0042065
Neoplastic Process
10.

Neoplasm of the endocrine system

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the endocrine system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
4044
Concept ID:
C0014132
Neoplastic Process
11.

Disorder of endocrine system

Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include. -Growth and development. -Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature . -Sexual function. -Reproduction. -Mood. If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4043
Concept ID:
C0014130
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Sertoli cell tumor cancer

MedGen UID:
880184
Concept ID:
CN235593
Finding
13.

Sertoli cell neoplasm

The presence of a neoplasm of the testis with origin in a Sertoli cell. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
866465
Concept ID:
C4020704
Neoplastic Process
14.

Maligant granulosa cell tumor of ovary

Malignant granulosa cell tumor of ovary is a rare malignant sex cord stromal tumor of ovary (see this term) arising from the granulosa cells of the ovary, which occurs in peri and post menopausal women, and that presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain and distension. The tumor is frequently unilateral, estrogen secreting, and has a slow natural history and a tendency to relapse long after the initial diagnosis, necessitating prolonged follow-up. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
830943
Concept ID:
CN207442
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Malignant Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of ovary

Malignant Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of ovary is a rare malignant sex cord stromal tumor of ovary (see this term) occuring typically in young women and characterized by manifestations of androgen excess (hirsutism, hair loss, amenorrhea, or oligomenorrhea), when functional. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798331
Concept ID:
CN207443
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary

A granulosa-stromal cell tumor that arises from the ovary. It is characterized by the presence of granulosa cells that comprise at least ten percent of the cellular population. The granulosa cells are often found in a background that contains theca and fibrous cells. There are two major subtypes recognized, adult and juvenile granulosa cell tumor. Clinically, patients may present with an abdominal mass. Symptoms depend on the patient's age. The most important indicator of prognosis is tumor stage. Age over forty years at the time of the initial diagnosis, large tumor size, bilaterality, cellular atypia, and increased mitotic activity are factors indicating a potentially aggressive clinical course and relative poor prognosis. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277970
Concept ID:
C1370419
Neoplastic Process
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