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Items: 1 to 20 of 25

1.

Dystrophy

a degenerative disorder [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
569248
Concept ID:
C0333606
Pathologic Function
2.

Resonance

MedGen UID:
534094
Concept ID:
C0231881
Finding
3.

Muscular dystrophy

The term dystrophy means abnormal growth. However, muscular dystrophy is used to describe primary myopathies with a genetic basis and a progressive course characterized by progressive skeletal muscle weakness and wasting, defects in muscle proteins, and histological features of muscle fiber degeneration (necrosis) and regeneration. If possible, it is preferred to use other HPO terms to describe the precise phenotypic abnormalities. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
351199
Concept ID:
C1864711
Finding
4.

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) typically presents before age 20 years with weakness of the facial muscles and the stabilizers of the scapula or the dorsiflexors of the foot. Severity is highly variable. Weakness is slowly progressive and approximately 20% of affected individuals eventually require a wheelchair. Life expectancy is not shortened. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
65956
Concept ID:
C0238288
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Muscular dystrophy

A group of inherited progressive muscle disorders characterized by muscle weakness and eventual death of the muscle tissues. Examples include Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Becker's muscular dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44527
Concept ID:
C0026850
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Lipid Metabolic Process

Anabolic and catabolic biochemical changes to lipids within a cell as materials needed for important life processes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108969
Concept ID:
C0598783
Molecular Function
7.

Inflammation

A localized protective response resulting from injury or destruction of tissues. Inflammation serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissue. In the acute phase, inflammation is characterized by the signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function. Histologically, inflammation involves a complex series of events, including dilatation of arterioles, capillaries, and venules, with increased permeability and blood flow; exudation of fluids, including plasma proteins; and leukocyte migration into the site of inflammation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7072
Concept ID:
C0021368
Pathologic Function
8.

Skeletal muscle atrophy

The presence of skeletal muscular atrophy (which is also known as amyotrophy). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
902598
Concept ID:
C0234958
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Inversion

a turning inside-out positioning of a body part [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
507880
Concept ID:
C0021945
Anatomical Abnormality
10.

Inflammatory myopathy

MedGen UID:
506288
Concept ID:
CN007967
Finding
11.

Myopathy

A disorder of muscle unrelated to impairment of innervation or neuromuscular junction. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505479
Concept ID:
CN002886
Finding
12.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Inclusion body myositis

Sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common age-related muscle disease in the elderly that results in severe disability. Although traditionally considered an inflammatory myopathy, it is now considered to be more consistent with a myodegenerative disease (Sugarman et al., 2002; Askanas and Engel, 2006). [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
68659
Concept ID:
C0238190
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Idiopathic myopathy

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy is a group of disorders characterized by inflammation of the muscles used for movement (skeletal muscles). Idiopathic inflammatory myopathy usually appears in adults between ages 40 and 60 or in children between ages 5 and 15, though it can occur at any age.The primary symptom of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy is muscle weakness, which develops gradually over a period of weeks to months or even years. Other symptoms include joint pain and general tiredness (fatigue).There are several forms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, including polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and sporadic inclusion body myositis.Polymyositis and dermatomyositis involve weakness of the muscles closest to the center of the body (proximal muscles), such as the muscles of the hips and thighs, upper arms, and neck. People with these forms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy may find it difficult to climb stairs, get up from a seated position, or lift items above their head. In some cases, muscle weakness may make swallowing or breathing difficult.Polymyositis and dermatomyositis have similar symptoms, but dermatomyositis is distinguished by a reddish or purplish rash on the eyelids, elbows, knees, or knuckles. Sometimes, abnormal calcium deposits form hard, painful bumps under the skin (calcinosis).In sporadic inclusion body myositis, the muscles most affected are those of the wrists and fingers and the front of the thigh. Affected individuals may frequently stumble while walking and find it difficult to grasp items. As in dermatomyositis and polymyositis, swallowing can be difficult. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
44564
Concept ID:
C0027121
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Myopathy

A disorder of muscle unrelated to impairment of innervation or neuromuscular junction. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
10135
Concept ID:
C0026848
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Degenerative abnormality

Disturbance of cell integrity and deterioration of normal tissue, cells or organs. [from NCI_CDISC]

MedGen UID:
3705
Concept ID:
C0011164
Pathologic Function
17.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Spinobulbar atrophy

MedGen UID:
156268
Concept ID:
C0752353
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Atrophic Muscular Disorder

A group of primary or secondary disorders affecting the muscles. It is characterized by an abnormal reduction in the muscle volume and atrophy. The atrophy may be caused by diseases of the muscle tissues or diseases of the peripheral nerves. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
156267
Concept ID:
C0752352
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Disuse muscle atrophy

MedGen UID:
75533
Concept ID:
C0264122
Disease or Syndrome
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