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Items: 8

1.

Vitamin D deficiency

Abnormally low level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12114
Concept ID:
C0042870
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Vitamin D deficiency

MedGen UID:
506470
Concept ID:
CN117405
Finding
3.

Rickets

Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children. It usually occurs when they do not get enough vitamin D, which helps growing bones absorb the minerals calcium and phosphorous. It can also happen when calcium or phosphorus levels are too low. Your child might not get enough vitamin D if he or she. -Has dark skin. -Spends too little time outside. -Has on sunscreen all the time when out of doors. -Doesn't eat foods containing vitamin D because of lactose intolerance or a strict vegetarian diet. -Is breastfed without receiving vitamin D supplements. -Can't make or use vitamin D because of a medical disorder such as celiac disease. In addition to dietary rickets, children can get an inherited form of the disease. Symptoms include bone pain or tenderness, impaired growth, and deformities of the bones and teeth. Your child's doctor uses lab and imaging tests to make the diagnosis. Treatment is replacing the calcium, phosphorus, or vitamin D that are lacking in the diet. Rickets is rare in the United States.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
48470
Concept ID:
C0035579
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height. . Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active. . Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
18127
Concept ID:
C0028754
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Overweight

MedGen UID:
833104
Concept ID:
C2712048
Finding
6.

Rickets

MedGen UID:
505342
Concept ID:
CN002493
Finding
7.

Obesity

MedGen UID:
368429
Concept ID:
C1963185
Finding
8.

Malnutrition

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. If you don't get enough nutrients -- including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals - you may suffer from malnutrition. Causes of malnutrition include:. -Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition. -An unbalanced diet. -Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers. Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness, and weight loss. Or, you may have no symptoms. To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may do blood tests and a nutritional assessment. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
56429
Concept ID:
C0162429
Disease or Syndrome
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