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Items: 12

1.

Iron

Iron is a mineral that our bodies need for many functions. For example, iron is part of hemoglobin, a protein which carries oxygen from our lungs throughout our bodies. It helps our muscles store and use oxygen. Iron is also part of many other proteins and enzymes. Your body needs the right amount of iron. If you have too little iron, you may develop iron deficiency anemia. Causes of low iron levels include blood loss, poor diet, or an inability to absorb enough iron from foods. People at higher risk of having too little iron are young children and women who are pregnant or have periods. Too much iron can damage your body. Taking too many iron supplements can cause iron poisoning. Some people have an inherited disease called hemochromatosis. It causes too much iron to build up in the body. . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
137068
Concept ID:
C0302583
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight 16. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Biologically Active Substance; Element, Ion, or Isotope; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Leucine

One of nine essential amino acids in humans (provided by food), Leucine is important for protein synthesis and many metabolic functions. Leucine contributes to regulation of blood-sugar levels; growth and repair of muscle and bone tissue; growth hormone production; and wound healing. Leucine also prevents breakdown of muscle proteins after trauma or severe stress and may be beneficial for individuals with phenylketonuria. Leucine is available in many foods and deficiency is rare. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7312
Concept ID:
C0023401
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

MedGen UID:
698687
Concept ID:
C1275421
Neoplastic Process
5.

Proteasome inhibitor

A drug that blocks the action of proteasomes. A proteasome is a large protein complex that helps destroy other cellular proteins when they are no longer needed. Proteasome inhibitors are being studied in the treatment of cancer. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
252947
Concept ID:
C1443643
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
7.

Protein binding

The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18704
Concept ID:
C0033618
Molecular Function
8.

Protease Inhibitors

A compound that interferes with the ability of certain enzymes to break down proteins. Some protease inhibitors can keep a virus from making copies of itself (for example, AIDS virus protease inhibitors), and some can prevent cancer cells from spreading. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
18701
Concept ID:
C0033607
Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Enzyme Inhibitors

compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
8652
Concept ID:
C0014432
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors

Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1203
Concept ID:
C0010658
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde

MedGen UID:
46898
Concept ID:
C0105729
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Environment contains animals

MedGen UID:
741743
Concept ID:
C1827972
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