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Items: 1 to 20 of 33

1.

History

The aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present; a record or narrative description of past events. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
389153
Concept ID:
C2004062
Finding
2.

History of

A record of a patient's background regarding health and the occurrence of disease events of the individual. In addition, personal medical history may be a variable in epidemiologic studies. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
82657
Concept ID:
C0262926
Finding
3.

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Type 2 diabetes is a disorder characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels. In this form of diabetes, the body stops using and making insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Specifically, insulin controls how much glucose (a type of sugar) is passed from the blood into cells, where it is used as an energy source. When blood sugar levels are high (such as after a meal), the pancreas releases insulin to move the excess glucose into cells, which reduces the amount of glucose in the blood.Most people who develop type 2 diabetes first have insulin resistance, a condition in which the body's cells use insulin less efficiently than normal. As insulin resistance develops, more and more insulin is needed to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. To keep up with the increasing need, insulin-producing cells in the pancreas (called beta cells) make larger amounts of insulin. Over time, the beta cells become less able to respond to blood sugar changes, leading to an insulin shortage that prevents the body from reducing blood sugar levels effectively. Most people have some insulin resistance as they age, but inadequate exercise and excessive weight gain make it worse, greatly increasing the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age, but it most commonly begins in middle age or later. Signs and symptoms develop slowly over years. They include frequent urination (polyuria), excessive thirst (polydipsia), fatigue, blurred vision, tingling or loss of feeling in the hands and feet (diabetic neuropathy), sores that do not heal well, and weight loss. If blood sugar levels are not controlled through medication or diet, type 2 diabetes can cause long-lasting (chronic) health problems including heart disease and stroke; nerve damage; and damage to the kidneys, eyes, and other parts of the body.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
41523
Concept ID:
C0011860
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Fasting

Abstaining from all food. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5129
Concept ID:
C0015663
Finding
5.

Maternal

A designation that has some relationship to motherhood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
348949
Concept ID:
C1858460
Finding
6.

Well Differentiated Liposarcoma

A locally aggressive malignant neoplasm composed of mature adipocytes showing cell size variation and nuclear atypia. It is often associated with the presence of hyperchromatic multinucleated stromal cells, and varying numbers of lipoblasts. There are three histologic subtypes, sclerosing, inflammatory, and spindle cell liposarcoma. These tumors do not usually metastasize unless they undergo dedifferentiation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
237164
Concept ID:
C1370889
Neoplastic Process
7.

Ameliorated by

An ameliorating factor is defined as an external factor that leads to the manifestation of a sign or symptom in a person improving or becoming more bearable. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
83049
Concept ID:
C0332161
Qualitative Concept
8.

Borderline

Having a minor degree of severity that is considered to be on the boundary between the normal and the abnormal ranges. For quantitative traits, a deviation of that is less than two standard deviations from the appropriate population mean. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
59969
Concept ID:
C0205189
Qualitative Concept
9.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Ethyl alcohol

A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Disorder of glucose metabolism

A metabolic disorder characterized by abnormal blood glucose levels. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
226229
Concept ID:
C1257958
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Disease Attributes

Clinical characteristics of disease or illness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199876
Concept ID:
C0752357
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Genetic predisposition

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
Organism Attribute
14.

Distribution of body fat

Deposits of ADIPOSE TISSUE throughout the body. The pattern of fat deposits in the body regions is an indicator of health status. Excess ABDOMINAL FAT increases health risks more than excess fat around the hips or thighs, therefore, WAIST-HIP RATIO is often used to determine health risks. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
98411
Concept ID:
C0424621
Finding
15.

Risk factor

An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiological evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
48477
Concept ID:
C0035648
Finding
16.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Metabolic disease

MedGen UID:
44376
Concept ID:
C0025517
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Diabetes mellitus

MedGen UID:
8350
Concept ID:
C0011849
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Disorder of endocrine system

MedGen UID:
4043
Concept ID:
C0014130
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Maternal history of diabetes mellitus type 2

MedGen UID:
930107
Concept ID:
C4304438
Finding
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