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Items: 3

1.

Hernia

A hernia happens when part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias are in the abdomen. There are several types of hernias, including. - Inguinal, in the groin. This is the the most common type. - Umbilical, around the belly button. - Incisional, through a scar. - Hiatal, a small opening in the diaphragm that allows the upper part of the stomach to move up into the chest. - Congenital diaphragmatic, a birth defect that needs surgery. Hernias are common. They can affect men, women, and children. A combination of muscle weakness and straining, such as with heavy lifting, might contribute. Some people are born with weak abdominal muscles and may be more likely to get a hernia. Treatment is usually surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. Untreated hernias can cause pain and health problems.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6816
Concept ID:
C0019270
Anatomical Abnormality; Finding
2.

Paraesophageal hernia

A HIATAL HERNIA in which the STOMACH herniation is located alongside the ESOPHAGUS and the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION is in its normal position below the DIAPHRAGM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
78633
Concept ID:
C0267725
Anatomical Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
3.

Hernia sac

MedGen UID:
568837
Concept ID:
C0333062
Anatomical Abnormality
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