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Items: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

Infection

Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
811352
Concept ID:
C3714514
Pathologic Function
2.

Infection

Unknown contamination with disease-producing germs. [from HHCC]

MedGen UID:
43874
Concept ID:
C0021311
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Communicable Diseases

Infectious diseases kill more people worldwide than any other single cause. Infectious diseases are caused by germs. Germs are tiny living things that are found everywhere - in air, soil and water. You can get infected by touching, eating, drinking or breathing something that contains a germ. Germs can also spread through animal and insect bites, kissing and sexual contact. Vaccines, proper hand washing and medicines can help prevent infections. . There are four main kinds of germs: . - Bacteria - one-celled germs that multiply quickly and may release chemicals which can make you sick. - Viruses - capsules that contain genetic material, and use your own cells to multiply. - Fungi - primitive plants, like mushrooms or mildew . - Protozoa - one-celled animals that use other living things for food and a place to live. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1057
Concept ID:
C0009450
Disease or Syndrome
4.

human leukocyte interferon

A biological response modifier (a substance that can improve the body's natural response to infection and disease). Interferons interfere with the division of cancer cells and can slow tumor growth. There are several types of interferons, including interferon-alpha, -beta, and -gamma. These substances are normally produced by the body. They are also made in the laboratory for use in treating cancer and other diseases. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
196514
Concept ID:
C0733470
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Influenza

Flu is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. get the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies, and people with certain chronic illnesses. Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include . -Body or muscle aches. -Chills . -Cough . -Fever . -Headache . -Sore throat . Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And stomach flu isn't really flu at all, but gastroenteritis. Most people with the flu recover on their own without medical care. People with mild cases of the flu should stay home and avoid contact with others, except to get medical care. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms. . The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. Good hygiene, including hand washing, can also help. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9466
Concept ID:
C0021400
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Interferon

Proteins secreted by vertebrate cells in response to a wide variety of inducers. They confer resistance against many different viruses, inhibit proliferation of normal and malignant cells, impede multiplication of intracellular parasites, enhance macrophage and granulocyte phagocytosis, augment natural killer cell activity, and show several other immunomodulatory functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5847
Concept ID:
C0021747
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Interferon Type II

The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5846
Concept ID:
C0021745
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Weight loss

Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
853198
Concept ID:
C1262477
Finding; Finding
9.

Necrosis

A permanent cessation of all vital functions of a tissue. [GOC:dph] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
10199
Concept ID:
C0027540
Organ or Tissue Function; Pathologic Function
10.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
11.

Able

MedGen UID:
721424
Concept ID:
C1299581
Finding
12.

Furriers lung

MedGen UID:
538594
Concept ID:
C0264476
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Coffee-workers lung

MedGen UID:
538589
Concept ID:
C0264468
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Cheese-washers lung

MedGen UID:
507549
Concept ID:
C0007969
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Influenza due to Influenza A virus subtype H1N1

Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. In 2009 a strain of swine flu called H1N1 infected many people around the world. The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. There are antiviral medicines you can take to prevent or treat swine flu. There is a vaccine available to protect against swine flu. You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza by. -Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. -Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners. -Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way. -Trying to avoid close contact with sick people. -Staying home from work or school if you are sick. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
384484
Concept ID:
C2076600
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Neoplasm

A malignant tumor at the original site of growth. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
227011
Concept ID:
C1306459
Finding; Neoplastic Process
17.

cytotoxicity

The adverse effect of some iatrogenic therapies. It is an accepted side effect in radiation therapy where the desired effect is to kill rapidly growing tumor cells. In the killing of tumor cells, other cells that are rapidly growing e.g hair, mucous membranes are also killed. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108579
Concept ID:
C0596402
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
18.

Oncolysis

The lysis (breakdown) of cancer cells. This can be caused by chemical or physical means (for example, strong detergents or high-energy sound waves) or by infection with a strain of virus that can lyse cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
90709
Concept ID:
C0333516
Neoplastic Process
19.

Viral disease

Viruses are capsules with genetic material inside. They are very tiny, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox and hemorrhagic fevers. . Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This eventually kills the cells, which can make you sick. Viral infections are hard to treat because viruses live inside your body's cells. They are protected from medicines, which usually move through your bloodstream. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are a few antiviral medicines available. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases. NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
53027
Concept ID:
C0042769
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Respiratory Tract Diseases

Diseases involving the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19750
Concept ID:
C0035242
Disease or Syndrome
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