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1.

Pulmonary Embolism

A pulmonary embolism is a sudden blockage in a lung artery. The cause is usually a blood clot in the leg called a deep vein thrombosis that breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream to the lung. Pulmonary embolism is a serious condition that can cause. -Permanent damage to the affected lung . -Low oxygen levels in your blood . -Damage to other organs in your body from not getting enough oxygen . If a clot is large, or if there are many clots, pulmonary embolism can cause death. . Half the people who have pulmonary embolism have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they can include shortness of breath, chest pain or coughing up blood. Symptoms of a blood clot include warmth, swelling, pain, tenderness and redness of the leg. The goal of treatment is to break up clots and help keep other clots from forming. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
11027
Concept ID:
C0034065
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an infection in one or both of the lungs. Many germs, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, can cause pneumonia. You can also get pneumonia by inhaling a liquid or chemical. People most at risk are older than 65 or younger than 2 years of age, or already have health problems. Symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe. See your doctor promptly if you. -Have a high fever. -Have shaking chills. -Have a cough with phlegm that doesn't improve or gets worse. -Develop shortness of breath with normal daily activities. -Have chest pain when you breathe or cough. -Feel suddenly worse after a cold or the flu. Your doctor will use your medical history, a physical exam, and lab tests to diagnose pneumonia. Treatment depends on what kind you have. If bacteria are the cause, antibiotics should help. If you have viral pneumonia, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medicine to treat it. Preventing pneumonia is always better than treating it. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and the flu. Other preventive measures include washing your hands frequently and not smoking. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10813
Concept ID:
C0032285
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Embolism

The blockage of a blood vessel lumen by air or solid material such as blood clot or other tissues (e.g., adipose tissue, cancer cells) that have migrated from another anatomic site. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4916
Concept ID:
C0013922
Pathologic Function
4.

Pulmonary embolism

MedGen UID:
505155
Concept ID:
CN001998
Finding
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