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Items: 4

1.

Glucose

A hexose with an aldehyde group; in which each of the 5 remaining carbons other than the aldehyde group has one hydroxyl group in the R,S,R, and R configuration counting from the first hydroxyl containing carbon next to the aldehyde in the straight chain (Fisher) projection; otherwise all carbons have exclusively hydrogens. Occurs mostly as pyran (6-membered oxygen containing ring or oxane) and rarely as furan (5-membered oxygen containing ring) or straight chain. When glucose forms a ring an additional ""anomeric"" asymmetric carbon is created which is denoted as ""alpha"" or ""beta"". For isomers see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucose. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Biologically Active Substance; Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Gene Regulatory Networks

Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
354547
Concept ID:
C1720950
Molecular Function
3.

Metabolic Networks and Pathways

Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
328456
Concept ID:
C1721099
Molecular Function
4.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
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