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Items: 12

1.

Lysine

A nutritional supplement containing the biologically active L-isomer of the essential amino acid lysine, with potential anti-mucositis activity. Upon oral intake, L-lysine promotes healthy tissue function, growth and healing and improves the immune system. L-Lysine promotes calcium uptake, is essential for carnitine production and collagen formation. As collagen is essential for connective tissue maintenance, this agent may also help heal mucosal wounds. This may help decrease and prevent mucositis induced by radiation or chemotherapy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7421
Concept ID:
C0024337
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Synthetic Lethality

MedGen UID:
898215
Concept ID:
C4280020
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
3.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
4.

Acetylation

Acetylation involves the covalent linkage of an acetyl group into an organic molecule. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7840
Concept ID:
C0001038
Molecular Function
5.

Metabolic induction

The conversion of an exogenous substance by a biological system resulting in the production on an active metabolite. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7561
Concept ID:
C0025513
Molecular Function
6.

Adenylic acid

Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1750
Concept ID:
C0001465
Biologically Active Substance; Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Adenosine preparation

A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
127
Concept ID:
C0001443
Biologically Active Substance; Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Deacetylation

Deacetylation is the covalent chemical or post-translational biochemical removal of an acetyl group(s) from organic compounds. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
268332
Concept ID:
C1511737
Molecular Function
9.

Enisyl

MedGen UID:
181510
Concept ID:
C0917917
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Protein binding

The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18704
Concept ID:
C0033618
Molecular Function
11.

Essential amino acid

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
252
Concept ID:
C0002525
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
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