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Items: 17

1.

Neoplasm of the thyroid gland

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the thyroid gland. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
21546
Concept ID:
C0040136
Neoplastic Process
2.

Neoplasm

An organ or organ-system abnormality that consists of uncontrolled autonomous cell-proliferation which can occur in any part of the body as a benign or malignant neoplasm (tumour). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
3.

Diagnosis

Description:The source act is intended to help establish the presence of a (an adverse) situation described by the target act. This is not limited to diseases but can apply to any adverse situation or condition of medical or technical nature.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
4.

Neoplasms

MedGen UID:
880980
Concept ID:
CN236628
Disease or Syndrome
5.

thyroid cancer

MedGen UID:
880181
Concept ID:
CN235603
Finding
6.

Thyroid cancer

MedGen UID:
808135
Concept ID:
CN221577
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Aspiration

Inspiration of a foreign object into the airway. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
751786
Concept ID:
C2712334
Finding
8.

Aspiration

Inspiration of a foreign object into the airway. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
472619
Concept ID:
C0700198
Pathologic Function
9.

Possible

Capable of happening or occurring. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
137646
Concept ID:
C0332149
Finding
10.

Papillary thyroid carcinoma

Nonmedullary thyroid cancer (NMTC) comprises thyroid cancers of follicular cell origin and accounts for more than 95% of all thyroid cancer cases. The remaining cancers originate from parafollicular cells (medullary thyroid cancer, MTC; 155240). NMTC is classified into 4 groups: papillary, follicular (188470), Hurthle cell (607464), and anaplastic. Approximately 5% of NMTC is hereditary, occurring as a component of a familial cancer syndrome (e.g., familial adenomatous polyposis, 175100; Carney complex, 160980) or as a primary feature (familial NMTC or FNMTC). Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common histologic subtype of FNMTC, accounting for approximately 85% of cases (summary by Vriens et al., 2009). PTC is characterized by distinctive nuclear alterations including pseudoinclusions, grooves, and chromatin clearing. PTCs smaller than 1 cm are referred to as papillary microcarcinomas. These tumors have been identified in up to 35% of individuals at autopsy, suggesting that they may be extremely common although rarely clinically relevant. PTC can also be multifocal but is typically slow-growing with a tendency to spread to lymph nodes and usually has an excellent prognosis (summary by Bonora et al., 2010). Genetic Heterogeneity of Susceptibility to Nonmedullary Thyroid Cancer NMTC2 (188470) is caused by mutation in the SRGAP1 gene (606523). NMTC3 (606240) represents a susceptibility locus mapped to chromosome 2q21. NMTC4 (616534) is caused by mutation in the FOXE1 gene (602617). NMTC5 (616535) is caused by mutation in the HABP2 gene (603924). A susceptibility gene for familial nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma with or without cell oxyphilia (TCO; 603386) has been mapped to chromosome 19p. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
66773
Concept ID:
C0238463
Neoplastic Process
11.

Focal

Area of greatest concentration, attention, or activity; a central point or locus, especially of an infection. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61391
Concept ID:
C0205234
Spatial Concept
12.

Abnormality of the thyroid gland

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones. Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities are your body's metabolism. Thyroid problems include. -Goiter - enlargement of the thyroid gland. -Hyperthyroidism - when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs. -Hypothyroidism - when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones. -Thyroid cancer. -Thyroid nodules - lumps in the thyroid gland. -Thyroiditis - swelling of the thyroid. To diagnose thyroid diseases, doctors use a medical history, physical exam, and thyroid tests. They sometimes also use a biopsy. Treatment depends on the problem, but may include medicines, radioiodine therapy, or thyroid surgery. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
52747
Concept ID:
C0040128
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Thyroid nodule

A nodular lesion that develops in the thyroid gland. Causes include adenoma, thyroiditis, fluid-filled cyst, multinodular goiter, and carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21547
Concept ID:
C0040137
Neoplastic Process
14.

Neoplasm by Site

A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
10296
Concept ID:
C0027653
Neoplastic Process
15.

Head and Neck Neoplasms

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the head and neck region with origin in the lip, oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx, or larynx. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
6728
Concept ID:
C0018671
Neoplastic Process
16.

Neoplasm of the endocrine system

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the endocrine system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
4044
Concept ID:
C0014132
Neoplastic Process
17.

Disorder of endocrine system

Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include. -Growth and development. -Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature . -Sexual function. -Reproduction. -Mood. If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4043
Concept ID:
C0014130
Disease or Syndrome
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