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Items: 16

1.

Vitamin E

A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
12116
Concept ID:
C0042874
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
2.

Vitamin preparation

A group of organic food substances found in animals and plants in small quantities. They must be supplied in diet or dietary supplement and are essential for normal metabolism. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
3.

Lipid Metabolic Process

Anabolic and catabolic biochemical changes to lipids within a cell as materials needed for important life processes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108969
Concept ID:
C0598783
Molecular Function
4.

Stearic acid

A saturated long-chain fatty acid with an 18-carbon backbone. Stearic acid is found in various animal and plant fats, and is a major component of cocoa butter and shea butter. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
52491
Concept ID:
C0038229
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Water

A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22697
Concept ID:
C0043047
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Oleic acid

An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14468
Concept ID:
C0028928
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Eicosapentaenoic acid

A polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acid with a 20-carbon backbone and 5 double bonds, originating from the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th and 15th positions from the methyl end. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1664
Concept ID:
C0000545
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Vitamin, Other

Organic substances belonging to diverse chemical families and present in foods in minute amounts, Vitamins are essential to normal metabolism and biochemical functions, usually as coenzymes. Vitamins can be classified by solubility: lipo-soluble (vitamins A, D, E, K, F) and water-soluble (B- complex). Lack of one or more vitamins in the diet cause metabolic deficiency diseases. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
203015
Concept ID:
C0973669
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
9.

Docosahexaenoic acid

A polyunsaturated very long-chain fatty acid with a 22-carbon backbone and 6 double bonds. Four separate isomers can be called by this name. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
107523
Concept ID:
C0556150
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Immune

Protected against infectious disease by either specific or non-specific mechanisms.(On-line Medical Dictionary) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
98553
Concept ID:
C0439662
Finding
11.

Fish-eye disease

Fish-eye disease, also called partial LCAT deficiency, is a disorder that causes the clear front surface of the eyes (the corneas) to gradually become cloudy. The cloudiness, which generally first appears in adolescence or early adulthood, consists of small grayish dots of cholesterol (opacities) distributed across the corneas. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is produced in the body and obtained from foods that come from animals; it aids in many functions of the body but can become harmful in excessive amounts. As fish-eye disease progresses, the corneal cloudiness worsens and can lead to severely impaired vision. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
83354
Concept ID:
C0342895
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Van der Woude syndrome

IRF6-related disorders span a spectrum from isolated cleft lip and palate and Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) at the mild end to popliteal pterygium syndrome (PPS) at the more severe end. Individuals with VWS show one or more of the following anomalies: Congenital, usually bilateral, paramedian lower-lip fistulae (pits) or sometimes small mounds with a sinus tract leading from a mucous gland of the lip. Cleft lip (CL). Cleft palate (CP). Note: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) is observed about twice as often as CP only. Submucous cleft palate (SMCP). The PPS phenotype includes the following: CL±P. Fistulae of the lower lip. Webbing of the skin extending from the ischial tuberosities to the heels. In males: bifid scrotum and cryptorchidism. In females: hypoplasia of the labia majora. Syndactyly of fingers and/or toes. Anomalies of the skin around the nails. A characteristic pyramidal fold of skin overlying the nail of the hallux (almost pathognomonic). In some non-classic forms of PPS: filiform synechiae connecting the upper and lower jaws (syngnathia) or the upper and lower eyelids (ankyloblepharon). In both VWS and PPS, growth and intelligence are normal. [from GTR]

MedGen UID:
61233
Concept ID:
C0175697
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Fat

The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5132
Concept ID:
C0015677
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Plant Preparations

Material prepared from plants. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
183699
Concept ID:
C0949854
Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Polysaccharide

A large carbohydrate molecule. It contains many small sugar molecules that are joined chemically. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
46014
Concept ID:
C0032594
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

PRODUCTS BIOL

Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
577
Concept ID:
C0005522
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
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