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1.

Cholangiocarcinoma

Cholangiocarcinoma is a primary cancer originating in the biliary epithelium i.e., the cholangiocytes, of the extrahepatic and intrahepatic biliary ducts. It is extremely invasive, develops rapidly, often metastasizes, and has a very poor prognosis. They are slow growing tumors which spread longitudinally along the bile ducts with neural, perineural and subepithelial extension. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
830714
Concept ID:
CN221674
Finding
2.

Cholangiocarcinoma, susceptibility to

Carcinomas of the biliary tract are aggressive malignancies, with 5-year survival of less than 10%. These carcinomas arise throughout the biliary tree and are anatomically classified as either intrahepatic or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas. Gallbladder carcinomas also arise from the biliary tree but have distinct natural histories compared to cholangiocarcinomas, suggesting different underlying tumor biology. Cholangiocarcinoma incidence varies widely between geographic regions, reflecting the impact of different underlying etiologies. In endemic areas, liver fluke infections by O. viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis, both group I carcinogens, represent the major risk factor for cholangiocarcinomas. In nonendemic regions, other risk factors, including choledochal cysts (603003), hepatolithiasis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis (613806), are likely contributors (summary by Chan-on et al., 2013). Overall, the majority of patients lack such identifiable risk factors (summary by Jiao et al., 2013). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
816486
Concept ID:
C3810156
Finding; Neoplastic Process

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