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Suicide

MedGen UID:
21386
Concept ID:
C0038661
Finding
Synonyms: Suicides
SNOMED CT: Suicide (44301001)
 

Definition

Suicide is the tenth most common cause of death in the United States. People may consider suicide when they are hopeless and can't see any other solution to their problems. Often it's related to serious depression, alcohol or substance abuse, or a major stressful event. People who have the highest risk of suicide are white men. But women and teens report more suicide attempts. If someone talks about suicide, you should take it seriously. Urge them to get help from their doctor or the emergency room, or call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255). It is available 24/7. Therapy and medicines can help most people who have suicidal thoughts. Treating mental illnesses and substance abuse can reduce the risk of suicide. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Lung FW, Liao SC, Wu CY, Lee MB
Public Health 2017 Jun;147:136-143. Epub 2017 Mar 30 doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.01.030. PMID: 28404489
Zainum K, Cohen MC
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2017 Jun;13(2):115-122. Epub 2017 Mar 27 doi: 10.1007/s12024-017-9860-y. PMID: 28349246
Olfson M, Wall M, Wang S, Crystal S, Gerhard T, Blanco C
Am J Psychiatry 2017 Aug 1;174(8):765-774. Epub 2017 Mar 21 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16111288. PMID: 28320225
Lee SU, Oh IH, Jeon HJ, Roh S
J Epidemiol 2017 Jun;27(6):258-264. Epub 2017 Mar 15 doi: 10.1016/j.je.2016.06.008. PMID: 28314637Free PMC Article
Sachs-Ericsson NJ, Stanley IH, Sheffler JL, Selby E, Joiner TE
J Affect Disord 2017 Jun;215:15-22. Epub 2017 Mar 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.03.030. PMID: 28292658

Diagnosis

Kinchin I, Doran CM
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 Mar 27;14(4) doi: 10.3390/ijerph14040347. PMID: 28346379Free PMC Article
Masferrer L, Caparrós B
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 Mar 20;14(3) doi: 10.3390/ijerph14030316. PMID: 28335530Free PMC Article
Olfson M, Wall M, Wang S, Crystal S, Gerhard T, Blanco C
Am J Psychiatry 2017 Aug 1;174(8):765-774. Epub 2017 Mar 21 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16111288. PMID: 28320225
Bursztein Lipsicas C, Levav I, Levine SZ
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2017 Mar;52(3):311-317. Epub 2016 Dec 28 doi: 10.1007/s00127-016-1323-3. PMID: 28032138
Hoffmire C, Stephens B, Morley S, Thompson C, Kemp J, Bossarte RM
Public Health Rep 2016 Nov;131(6):816-821. Epub 2016 Oct 19 doi: 10.1177/0033354916670133. PMID: 28123228Free PMC Article

Therapy

McCall WV, Benca RM, Rosenquist PB, Riley MA, McCloud L, Newman JC, Case D, Rumble M, Krystal AD
Am J Psychiatry 2017 Jan 1;174(1):18-25. Epub 2016 Sep 9 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.16030336. PMID: 27609243Free PMC Article
Kõlves K, de Leo D
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2017 Feb;26(2):155-164. Epub 2016 May 18 doi: 10.1007/s00787-016-0865-y. PMID: 27194156
Zou Y, Leung R, Lin S, Yang M, Lu T, Li X, Gu J, Hao C, Dong G, Hao Y
BMC Psychiatry 2016 May 26;16:162. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0872-z. PMID: 27230910Free PMC Article
Chen YY, Tsai CW, Biddle L, Niederkrotenthaler T, Wu KC, Gunnell D
J Affect Disord 2016 Mar 15;193:355-61. Epub 2016 Jan 6 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.041. PMID: 26796236
Chang SS, Cheng Q, Lee ES, Yip PS
J Affect Disord 2016 Mar 1;192:162-6. Epub 2015 Dec 22 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.026. PMID: 26724695

Prognosis

Erlangsen A, Runeson B, Bolton JM, Wilcox HC, Forman JL, Krogh J, Shear MK, Nordentoft M, Conwell Y
JAMA Psychiatry 2017 May 1;74(5):456-464. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0226. PMID: 28329305Free PMC Article
Olfson M, Wall M, Wang S, Crystal S, Gerhard T, Blanco C
Am J Psychiatry 2017 Aug 1;174(8):765-774. Epub 2017 Mar 21 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16111288. PMID: 28320225
Sachs-Ericsson NJ, Stanley IH, Sheffler JL, Selby E, Joiner TE
J Affect Disord 2017 Jun;215:15-22. Epub 2017 Mar 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.03.030. PMID: 28292658
Stickley A, Sheng Ng CF, Konishi S, Koyanagi A, Watanabe C
Environ Res 2017 May;155:134-140. Epub 2017 Mar 10 doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2017.02.008. PMID: 28219016
Kõlves K, de Leo D
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2017 Feb;26(2):155-164. Epub 2016 May 18 doi: 10.1007/s00787-016-0865-y. PMID: 27194156

Clinical prediction guides

Lung FW, Liao SC, Wu CY, Lee MB
Public Health 2017 Jun;147:136-143. Epub 2017 Mar 30 doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.01.030. PMID: 28404489
Kunde L, Kõlves K, Kelly B, Reddy P, De Leo D
Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 Mar 28;14(4) doi: 10.3390/ijerph14040352. PMID: 28350368Free PMC Article
Lee SU, Oh IH, Jeon HJ, Roh S
J Epidemiol 2017 Jun;27(6):258-264. Epub 2017 Mar 15 doi: 10.1016/j.je.2016.06.008. PMID: 28314637Free PMC Article
Sachs-Ericsson NJ, Stanley IH, Sheffler JL, Selby E, Joiner TE
J Affect Disord 2017 Jun;215:15-22. Epub 2017 Mar 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.03.030. PMID: 28292658
Kõlves K, de Leo D
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2017 Feb;26(2):155-164. Epub 2016 May 18 doi: 10.1007/s00787-016-0865-y. PMID: 27194156

Recent systematic reviews

Chung DT, Ryan CJ, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Singh SP, Stanton C, Large MM
JAMA Psychiatry 2017 Jul 1;74(7):694-702. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.1044. PMID: 28564699
MacIsaac MB, Bugeja LC, Jelinek GA
Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Feb;41(1):61-69. Epub 2016 Oct 23 doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12594. PMID: 27774704
Nasir BF, Hides L, Kisely S, Ranmuthugala G, Nicholson GC, Black E, Gill N, Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Toombs M
BMC Psychiatry 2016 Oct 21;16(1):357. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-1059-3. PMID: 27769204Free PMC Article
Rice TR, Sher L
Acta Neuropsychiatr 2016 Aug;28(4):195-8. Epub 2015 Dec 23 doi: 10.1017/neu.2015.67. PMID: 26694879
Lawrence RE, Oquendo MA, Stanley B
Arch Suicide Res 2016;20(1):1-21. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2015.1004494. PMID: 26192968

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