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Items: 4

1.

Headache

Almost everyone has had a headache. Headache is the most common form of pain. It's a major reason people miss days at work or school or visit the doctor. The most common type of headache is a tension headache. Tension headaches are due to tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and jaw. They are often related to stress, depression or anxiety. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too much, don't get enough sleep, miss meals, or use alcohol. Other common types of headaches include migraines, cluster headaches, and sinus headaches. Most people can feel much better by making lifestyle changes, learning ways to relax and taking pain relievers. Not all headaches require a doctor's attention. But sometimes headaches warn of a more serious disorder. Let your health care provider know if you have sudden, severe headaches. Get medical help right away if you have a headache after a blow to your head, or if you have a headache along with a stiff neck, fever, confusion, loss of consciousness, or pain in the eye or ear. NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9149
Concept ID:
C0018681
Sign or Symptom
2.

Edema

Edema means swelling caused by fluid in your body's tissues. It usually occurs in the feet, ankles and legs, but it can involve your entire body. Causes of edema include. -Eating too much salt. -Sunburn. -Heart failure. -Kidney disease. -Liver problems from cirrhosis. -Pregnancy. -Problems with lymph nodes, especially after mastectomy. -Some medicines. -Standing or walking a lot when the weather is warm. To keep swelling down, your health care provider may recommend keeping your legs raised when sitting, wearing support stockings, limiting how much salt you eat, or taking a medicine called a diuretic - also called a water pill. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
4451
Concept ID:
C0013604
Finding; Pathologic Function
3.

Papilledema

Papilledema refers to edema (swelling) of the optic disc secondary to any factor which increases cerebral spinal fluid pressure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
10565
Concept ID:
C0030353
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
4.

Hypertensive retinopathy

Degenerative changes to the RETINA due to HYPERTENSION. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
101819
Concept ID:
C0152132
Disease or Syndrome
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