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Items: 1 to 20 of 23

1.

Glucose

A hexose with an aldehyde group; in which each of the 5 remaining carbons other than the aldehyde group has one hydroxyl group in the R,S,R, and R configuration counting from the first hydroxyl containing carbon next to the aldehyde in the straight chain (Fisher) projection; otherwise all carbons have exclusively hydrogens. Occurs mostly as pyran (6-membered oxygen containing ring or oxane) and rarely as furan (5-membered oxygen containing ring) or straight chain. When glucose forms a ring an additional ""anomeric"" asymmetric carbon is created which is denoted as ""alpha"" or ""beta"". For isomers see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucose. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
42238
Concept ID:
C0017725
Biologically Active Substance; Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Gluconeogenesis

The process of making glucose (sugar) from its own breakdown products or from the breakdown products of lipids (fats) or proteins. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in cells of the liver or kidney. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
6621
Concept ID:
C0017715
Molecular Function
3.

Glucagon

A hormone produced by the pancreas that increases the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
6620
Concept ID:
C0017687
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Neuroreactive Substance or Biogenic Amine; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Fasting

No enteral intake of foot or liquids whatsoever, no smoking. Typically 6 to 8 hours before anesthesia.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
5129
Concept ID:
C0015663
Finding
5.

Absence

MedGen UID:
739164
Concept ID:
C1689985
Anatomical Abnormality
6.

Prolonged

MedGen UID:
615082
Concept ID:
C0439590
Temporal Concept
7.

Ocular Myopathy with Hypogonadism

MedGen UID:
501250
Concept ID:
C3496241
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Acidosis

Abnormal acid accumulation or depletion of base. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
1296
Concept ID:
C0001122
Pathologic Function
9.

Plasma glucose concentration

MedGen UID:
748700
Concept ID:
C2584434
Finding
10.

Source

The originating point of the Content Item or record, including but not limited to archive import, Scan, fax, email, paper form. [from NCI_CareLex]

MedGen UID:
99076
Concept ID:
C0449416
Finding
11.

Insulins

Peptide hormones that cause an increase in the absorption of GLUCOSE by cells within organs such as LIVER, MUSCLE and ADIPOSE TISSUE. During normal metabolism insulins are produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS in response to increased GLUCOSE. Natural and chemically-modified forms of insulin are also used in the treatment of GLUCOSE METABOLISM DISORDERS such as DIABETES MELLITUS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
760846
Concept ID:
C3537244
Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Insulin [EPC]

MedGen UID:
453109
Concept ID:
C1579433
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86224
Concept ID:
C0302820
Molecular Function
14.

Sugar

A white crystalline carbohydrate, typically sucrose, used as a sweetener and preservative. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
69157
Concept ID:
C0242209
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Metabolic disease

Metabolism is the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. Food is made up of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Chemicals in your digestive system break the food parts down into sugars and acids, your body's fuel. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues, such as your liver, muscles, and body fat. A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt this process. When this happens, you might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy. . You can develop a metabolic disorder when some organs, such as your liver or pancreas, become diseased or do not function normally. Diabetes is an example. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
44376
Concept ID:
C0025517
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Pancreatic Hormones

Peptide hormones secreted into the blood by cells in the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS of the pancreas. The alpha cells secrete glucagon; the beta cells secrete insulin; the delta cells secrete somatostatin; and the PP cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14585
Concept ID:
C0030292
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Novolin

MedGen UID:
10388
Concept ID:
C0028467
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Abnormality of acid-base homeostasis

Disturbances in the ACID-BASE EQUILIBRIUM of the body. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7851
Concept ID:
C0001118
Finding; Pathologic Function
20.

Iletin

MedGen UID:
7012
Concept ID:
C0020884
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
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