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Items: 4

1.

Arginine

An essential amino acid in juvenile humans, Arginine is a complex amino acid, often found at active site in proteins and enzymes due to its amine-containing side chain. Arginine may prevent or treat heart and circulatory diseases, combat fatigue, and stimulate the immune system. It also boosts production of nitric oxide, relaxing blood vessels, and treating angina and other cardiovascular problems. Arginine is also an important intermediate in the urea cycle and in detoxification of nitrogenous wastes. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
13907
Concept ID:
C0003765
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Methylation

The covalent chemical or biochemical addition of a methyl group(s) to a compound. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44400
Concept ID:
C0025723
Molecular Function
3.

Essential amino acid

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
252
Concept ID:
C0002525
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
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