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1.

Carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
2.

Carcinoma

MedGen UID:
910818
Concept ID:
CN241453
Finding
3.

Related

MedGen UID:
619805
Concept ID:
C0445223
Finding
4.

Small Cell Carcinoma

A neuroendocrine carcinoma composed of small malignant cells which are often said to resemble "oat cells" under the microscope. Small cell carcinoma most often affects the lungs. Clinically, this is often a rapidly growing cancer that spreads to distant sites early. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
82650
Concept ID:
C0262584
Neoplastic Process
5.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
6.

Squamous cell carcinoma

The presence of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505376
Concept ID:
CN002585
Finding
7.

Oropharyngeal Carcinoma

Carcinoma, predominantly squamous cell, arising from the epithelial cells of the oropharynx. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
379086
Concept ID:
C2349952
Neoplastic Process
8.

Positive

Involving advantage or good. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
254858
Concept ID:
C1446409
Finding
9.

Neoplasm

A malignant tumor at the original site of growth. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
227011
Concept ID:
C1306459
Neoplastic Process
10.

Neoplasm of head and neck

A primary or metastatic malignant neoplasm affecting the head and neck. Representative examples include oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and salivary gland carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
78920
Concept ID:
C0278996
Neoplastic Process
11.

Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

A squamous cell carcinoma arising from the oropharynx. It predominantly affects adults in their fifth and sixth decades of life and is associated with alcohol and tobacco use. Human papillomavirus is present in approximately half of the cases. It is characterized by a tendency to metastasize early to the lymph nodes. When the tumor is small, patients are often asymptomatic. Physical examination may reveal erythematous or white lesions or plaques. The majority of patients present with locally advanced disease. Signs and symptoms include mucosal ulceration, pain, bleeding, weight loss, neck swelling, and difficulty speaking, chewing, and swallowing. Patients may also present with swollen neck lymph nodes without any symptoms from the oropharyngeal tumor. The most significant prognostic factors are the size of the tumor and the lymph nodes status. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
76094
Concept ID:
C0280313
Neoplastic Process
12.

Negative

An absence finding of the specified component / analyte, organism or clinical sign based on the established threshold of the performed test or procedure. [Note: Negative does not necessarily imply the complete absence of the specified item.].  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
61377
Concept ID:
C0205160
Finding
13.

Risk factor

An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiological evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
48477
Concept ID:
C0035648
Finding
14.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia

A group of autosomal dominant diseases characterized by the combined occurrence of tumors involving two or more ENDOCRINE GLANDS that secrete PEPTIDE HORMONES or AMINES. These neoplasias are often benign but can be malignant. They are classified by the endocrine glands involved and the degree of aggressiveness. The two major forms are MEN1 and MEN2 with gene mutations on CHROMOSOME 11 and CHROMOSOME 10, respectively. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45036
Concept ID:
C0027662
Neoplastic Process
15.

Squamous cell carcinoma

A carcinoma arising from squamous epithelial cells. Morphologically, it is characterized by the proliferation of atypical, often pleomorphic squamous cells. Squamous cell carcinomas are graded by the degree of cellular differentiation as well, moderately, or poorly differentiated. Well differentiated carcinomas are usually associated with keratin production and the presence of intercellular bridges between adjacent cells. Representative examples are lung squamous cell carcinoma, skin squamous cell carcinoma, and cervical squamous cell carcinoma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
2874
Concept ID:
C0007137
Neoplastic Process
16.

Epithelial Neoplasm

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from and is composed of epithelial cells. This category include adenomas, papillomas, and carcinomas. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
17.

Disease due to Papilloma virus

Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
185132
Concept ID:
C0950124
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Carcinomatosis

Carcinoma that has spread diffusely to an anatomic site or throughout the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104704
Concept ID:
C0205699
Neoplastic Process
19.

Undifferentiated Carcinoma

A usually aggressive malignant epithelial neoplasm composed of atypical cells which do not display evidence of glandular, squamous, or transitional cell differentiation. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60010
Concept ID:
C0205698
Neoplastic Process
20.

Sarcomatoid Carcinoma

A malignant epithelial neoplasm characterized by the presence of spindle cells and anaplastic morphologic features. Giant cells and a sarcomatous component may also be present. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60009
Concept ID:
C0205697
Neoplastic Process
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