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Items: 15

1.

Phosphorylation

A process in which a phosphate group is added to a molecule, such as a sugar or a protein. [from NCI_NCI-GLOSS]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
2.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

I-2190A

MedGen UID:
385423
Concept ID:
C2350768
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Metabolic Networks and Pathways

Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
328456
Concept ID:
C1721099
Molecular Function
5.

Peptide Biosynthesis

The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of peptides, compounds of 2 or more (but usually less than 100) amino acids where the alpha carboxyl group of one is bound to the alpha amino group of another. This may include the translation of a precursor protein and its subsequent processing into a functional peptide. [CHEBI:16670, GOC:dph, GOC:jl] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
272130
Concept ID:
C1327133
Molecular Function
6.

Protein Kinase Inhibitors

Any substance that inhibits protein kinase, an enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a phosphate group to a protein and is active in many diverse signaling pathways. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
260581
Concept ID:
C1449702
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Protein Modification, Translational

Any of the enzymatically catalyzed modifications of the individual AMINO ACIDS of PROTEINS, and enzymatic cleavage or crosslinking of peptide chains that occur pre-translationally (on the amino acid component of AMINO ACYL TRNA), co-translationally (during the process of GENETIC TRANSLATION), or after translation is completed (POST-TRANSLATIONAL PROTEIN PROCESSING). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
260537
Concept ID:
C1449566
Molecular Function
8.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
9.

MAP Kinase Signaling System

An intracellular signaling system involving the MAP kinase cascades (three-membered protein kinase cascades). Various upstream activators, which act in response to extracellular stimuli, trigger the cascades by activating the first member of a cascade, MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES; (MAPKKKs). Activated MAPKKKs phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES which in turn phosphorylate the MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; (MAPKs). The MAPKs then act on various downstream targets to affect gene expression. In mammals, there are several distinct MAP kinase pathways including the ERK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) pathway, the SAPK/JNK (stress-activated protein kinase/c-jun kinase) pathway, and the p38 kinase pathway. There is some sharing of components among the pathways depending on which stimulus originates activation of the cascade. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
155748
Concept ID:
C0752321
Molecular Function
10.

Macrolide

A term used to describe a chemical structure of a compound containing a large lactone ring, usually with a 14 or 16-membered ring structure. The prototypical compounds within the macrolide class are the erythromycin-based antibiotics; however, many compounds with this chemical structure are being developed for other diseases. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
129193
Concept ID:
C0282563
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Genetic translation

ribosome mediated process by which polypeptide chains are synthesized, the aminoacid sequence being completely determined by the sequence of bases in a messenger RNA, which in turn is determined by the sequences of bases in the DNA of the gene from which it was transcribed. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
108933
Concept ID:
C0597295
Molecular Function
12.

Post-Translational Protein Processing

Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
46159
Concept ID:
C0033666
Molecular Function
13.

Enzyme Inhibitors

compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
8652
Concept ID:
C0014432
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Tuberous Sclerosis 16

MedGen UID:
833657
Concept ID:
CN229762
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Metabolic Pathways of Other Amino Acids

MedGen UID:
269029
Concept ID:
C1513160
Molecular Function
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