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Items: 19

1.

Inositol preparation

A natural sugar found in cell membrane phospholipids, plasma lipoproteins, and (as the phosphate form) in the nucleus with potential chemopreventive properties. As one of a number of intracellular phosphate compounds, inositol is involved in cell signaling and may stimulate tumor cell differentiation. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5819
Concept ID:
C0021547
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
2.

pyrophosphate

MedGen UID:
469784
Concept ID:
C3252566
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Phosphate

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18434
Concept ID:
C0031603
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Pyrophosphate

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid that contain two phosphate groups. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
11071
Concept ID:
C0034320
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Sulfoxide

the chemical group =SO. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
678482
Concept ID:
C0851343
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Rheumabene

MedGen UID:
298491
Concept ID:
C1569443
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Sclerosol

MedGen UID:
223942
Concept ID:
C1170604
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
8.

Liquimeth

MedGen UID:
196144
Concept ID:
C0701428
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Endorphenyl

MedGen UID:
155557
Concept ID:
C0751433
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Rimso

MedGen UID:
152643
Concept ID:
C0729123
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Dimexide

MedGen UID:
152640
Concept ID:
C0729120
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Rimso-50

MedGen UID:
81377
Concept ID:
C0307485
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Dimethylsulfoxide

A highly polar organic liquid that is used widely as a chemical solvent and a free radical scavenger. It shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect cells and tissue during cryopreservation and has been used to treat extravasation damage caused by anthracycline-based chemotherapy. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
41584
Concept ID:
C0012403
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Phenylalanine

An essential aromatic amino acid in humans (provided by food), Phenylalanine plays a key role in the biosynthesis of other amino acids and is important in the structure and function of many proteins and enzymes. Phenylalanine is converted to tyrosine, used in the biosynthesis of dopamine and norepinephrine neurotransmitters. The L-form of Phenylalanine is incorporated into proteins, while the D-form acts as a painkiller. Absorption of ultraviolet radiation by Phenylalanine is used to quantify protein amounts. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10708
Concept ID:
C0031453
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Pedameth

MedGen UID:
10615
Concept ID:
C0030749
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Methionine preparation

A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9989
Concept ID:
C0025646
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Alcohol

A class of compounds where a hydroxyl (OH) group is attached to single bonded hydrocarbons. Alcohols are classified according to the position of the carbon atom with the attached hydroxyl group (i.e. primary alcohols are alcohols with the OH group attached to the primary carbon atom, C1). Uses include solvents, astringents, and anti-infective activity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
1400
Concept ID:
C0001975
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Essential amino acid

Amino acids that are not synthesized by the human body in amounts sufficient to carry out physiological functions. They are obtained from dietary foodstuffs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
252
Concept ID:
C0002525
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Amino acid

Any organic compounds containing amino (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) groups. In biochemistry, used to refer to the twenty-plus L-alpha-amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
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