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Items: 1 to 20 of 22

1.

Interferon alfa

One of the type I interferons produced by peripheral blood leukocytes or lymphoblastoid cells. In addition to antiviral activity, it activates NATURAL KILLER CELLS and B-LYMPHOCYTES, and down-regulates VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR expression through PI-3 KINASE and MAPK KINASES signaling pathways. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
7985
Concept ID:
C0002199
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Interferon

Human interferons have been classified into 3 groups: alpha, beta, and gamma. Both alpha- and beta-IFNs, previously designated type I, are acid-stable, but they differ immunologically and in regard to some biologic and physiochemical properties. The IFNs produced by virus-stimulated leukocytes (leukocyte IFNs) are predominantly of the alpha type. Those produced by lymphoblastoid cells are about 90% alpha and 10% beta. Induced fibroblasts produce mainly or exclusively the beta type. The alpha- and beta-IFNs differ widely in amino acid sequence. The gamma or immune IFNs, which are produced by T lymphocytes in response to mitogens or to antigens to which they are sensitized, are acid-labile and serologically distinct from alpha- and beta-IFNs. (from OMIM 147570) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
196514
Concept ID:
C0733470
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Cytotoxicity

The adverse effect of some iatrogenic therapies. It is an accepted side effect in radiation therapy where the desired effect is to kill rapidly growing tumor cells. In the killing of tumor cells, other cells that are rapidly growing e.g hair, mucous membranes are also killed. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108579
Concept ID:
C0596402
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
4.

Stress

The negative mental, emotional, and physical reactions that occur when environmental stressors are perceived as exceeding the individual's adaptive capacities. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20971
Concept ID:
C0038435
Finding
5.

Interferon

Proteins secreted by vertebrate cells in response to a wide variety of inducers. They confer resistance against many different viruses, inhibit proliferation of normal and malignant cells, impede multiplication of intracellular parasites, enhance macrophage and granulocyte phagocytosis, augment natural killer cell activity, and show several other immunomodulatory functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5847
Concept ID:
C0021747
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Infection

The invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents and their multiplication, as well as the reaction by the host to these organisms and/or toxins that the organisms produce. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
811352
Concept ID:
C3714514
Pathologic Function
7.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
8.

Detected

The measurement of the specified component / analyte, organism or clinical sign above the limit of detection of the performed test or procedure.  [from HL7]

MedGen UID:
617726
Concept ID:
C0442726
Finding
9.

Staining

MedGen UID:
352872
Concept ID:
C1704680
Finding
10.

Positive

Involving advantage or good. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
254858
Concept ID:
C1446409
Finding
11.

Localized

Being confined or restricted to a particular location. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
98236
Concept ID:
C0392752
Spatial Concept
12.

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress

Various physiological or molecular disturbances that impair ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM function. It triggers many responses, including UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE, which may lead to APOPTOSIS; and AUTOPHAGY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
465338
Concept ID:
C3178870
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
13.

Caspase Inhibitor

Any substance that inhibits a caspase-family protease. Caspases play a key role in apoptosis as well as in inflammation and immune regulation. Caspase inhibition can be used to regulate these processes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
273884
Concept ID:
C1516312
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
15.

Protease preparation

A class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of peptide bonds in the interior of a polypeptide chain or protein molecule. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45389
Concept ID:
C0030946
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Enzyme; Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Peptide hydrolase inhibitor

Any substance that inhibits a protease, an enzyme that breaks peptide bonds. Proteases are required for many cell processes and inhibition of proteases can inhibit viral replication, inflammatory responses, proliferation, and tumor growth. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18701
Concept ID:
C0033607
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Interferon Type I

Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9509
Concept ID:
C0021743
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Immunologic Factor; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Enzyme inhibitor

Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
8652
Concept ID:
C0014432
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Inhibitors, Cysteine Proteinase

Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
1203
Concept ID:
C0010658
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Interferons allergy

MedGen UID:
655056
Concept ID:
C0571288
Disease or Syndrome
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