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Items: 17

1.

Arginine vasopressor

The predominant form of mammalian antidiuretic hormone. It is a nonapeptide containing an ARGININE at residue 8 and two disulfide-linked cysteines at residues of 1 and 6. Arg-vasopressin is used to treat DIABETES INSIPIDUS or to improve vasomotor tone and BLOOD PRESSURE. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2063
Concept ID:
C0003779
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Water

A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22697
Concept ID:
C0043047
Inorganic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Urea

A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
21773
Concept ID:
C0041942
Biologically Active Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Arginine

An essential amino acid in juvenile humans, Arginine is a complex amino acid, often found at active site in proteins and enzymes due to its amine-containing side chain. Arginine may prevent or treat heart and circulatory diseases, combat fatigue, and stimulate the immune system. It also boosts production of nitric oxide, relaxing blood vessels, and treating angina and other cardiovascular problems. Arginine is also an important intermediate in the urea cycle and in detoxification of nitrogenous wastes. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
13907
Concept ID:
C0003765
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Phosphorylation

The creation of a phosphate derivative of an organic molecule. This is usually achieved by transferring a phosphate group from ATP via the action of a kinase. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10742
Concept ID:
C0031715
Molecular Function
6.

Process

MedGen UID:
923307
Concept ID:
C1951340
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Mass of body structure

A benign or malignant pathologic structure in any part of the body, resulting from a neoplastic accumulation of cells, inflammatory cells, or cystic changes. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108287
Concept ID:
C0577559
Finding
8.

Mediator

An agent that acts as a link between parties, objects, or actions. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
93010
Concept ID:
C0127400
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
9.

Distal

Localized away from the central point of the body. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64375
Concept ID:
C0205108
Spatial Concept
10.

Central

Applies to an abnormality that is located close to the median plane or midline of the body or of the referenced structure. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
59958
Concept ID:
C0205099
Spatial Concept
11.

Pitressin

MedGen UID:
151995
Concept ID:
C0699128
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Posterior pituitary hormone

Hormones released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). They include a number of peptides which are formed in the NEURONS in the HYPOTHALAMUS, bound to NEUROPHYSINS, and stored in the nerve terminals in the posterior pituitary. Upon stimulation, these peptides are released into the hypophysial portal vessel blood. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45937
Concept ID:
C0032017
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Pituitrin

A substance or extract from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19328
Concept ID:
C0032023
Biologically Active Substance; Pharmacologic Substance
14.

beta Hypophamine

Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
12058
Concept ID:
C0042413
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

A collective grouping for both naturally occurring and synthetic hormones, substitutes, and antagonists. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6887
Concept ID:
C0019934
Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Heredity

The transmission of traits encoded in GENES from parent to offspring. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
6814
Concept ID:
C0019266
Molecular Function
17.

Argipressin tannate

MedGen UID:
76359
Concept ID:
C0282062
Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Hormone; Pharmacologic Substance
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