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Items: 1 to 20 of 34

1.

Digoxin

A cardiac glycoside. Digoxin inhibits the sodium potassium adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) pump, thereby increasing intracellular calcium and enhancing cardiac contractility. This agent also acts directly on the atrioventricular node to suppress conduction, thereby slowing conduction velocity. Apparently due to its effects on intracellular calcium concentrations, digoxin induces apoptosis of tumor cells via a pathway involving mitochondrial cytochrome c and caspases 8 and 3. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4299
Concept ID:
C0012265
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Steroid
2.

Murine

MedGen UID:
108834
Concept ID:
C0591833
Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes itchy or sore patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. You usually get the patches on your elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet, but they can show up on other parts of your body. Some people who have psoriasis also get a form of arthritis called psoriatic arthritis. A problem with your immune system causes psoriasis. In a process called cell turnover, skin cells that grow deep in your skin rise to the surface. Normally, this takes a month. In psoriasis, it happens in just days because your cells rise too fast. . Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. Your doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope. Psoriasis can last a long time, even a lifetime. Symptoms come and go. Things that make them worse include. -Infections. -Stress. -Dry skin. -Certain medicines. Psoriasis usually occurs in adults. It sometimes runs in families. Treatments include creams, medicines, and light therapy. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10997
Concept ID:
C0033860
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Autoimmune state

Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2136
Concept ID:
C0004368
Pathologic Function
5.

Arthritis

If you feel pain and stiffness in your body or have trouble moving around, you might have arthritis. Most kinds of arthritis cause pain and swelling in your joints. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your elbow or knee. Over time, a swollen joint can become severely damaged. Some kinds of arthritis can also cause problems in your organs, such as your eyes or skin. Types of arthritis include. -Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It's often related to aging or to an injury. -Autoimmune arthritis happens when your body's immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of this kind of arthritis. -Juvenile arthritis is a type of arthritis that happens in children. -Infectious arthritis is an infection that has spread from another part of the body to the joint. -Psoriatic arthritis affects people with psoriasis. -Gout is a painful type of arthritis that happens when too much uric acid builds up in the body. It often starts in the big toe. NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2043
Concept ID:
C0003864
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Crohn disease

MedGen UID:
909933
Concept ID:
CN043071
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Psoriasis

A skin abnormality characterized by redness and irritation, with thick, red skin that displays flaky, silver-white patches (scales). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505592
Concept ID:
CN003401
Finding
8.

Autoimmunity

The occurrence of an immune reaction against the organism's own cells or tissues. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505423
Concept ID:
CN002679
Finding
9.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures with widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, as well as atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504816
Concept ID:
CN001255
Finding
10.

Therapeutic agent

1D1; Basic Sciences Research (includes vaccine and chemotherapy development); Therapeutic Agents (antiviral, antimicrobial, immunomodulating and antineoplastic agents); Development. Physical or chemical agents that may improve the health of a patient by impeding cancer or other diseases [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
299559
Concept ID:
C1611640
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Autoimmune reaction

A specific humoral or cell-mediated immune response against autologous (self) antigens. An autoimmune process may produce or be caused by autoimmune disease and may be developmentally complex, not necessarily pathological, and possibly pervasive. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
105217
Concept ID:
C0443146
Pathologic Function
12.

Onset

The age group in which disease manifestations appear. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
64519
Concept ID:
C0206132
Quantitative Concept
13.

Tretinoin

a drug used to treat acne [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
21254
Concept ID:
C0040845
Hazardous or Poisonous Substance; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Vitamin
14.

Crohn disease

Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn's can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum. The cause of Crohn's disease is unknown. It may be due to an abnormal reaction by the body's immune system. It also seems to run in some families. It most commonly starts between the ages of 13 and 30. The most common symptoms are pain in the abdomen and diarrhea. Other symptoms include. -Bleeding from the rectum. -Weight loss. -Fever. Your doctor will diagnose Crohn's disease with a physical exam, lab tests, imaging tests, and a colonoscopy. Crohn's can cause complications, such as intestinal blockages, ulcers in the intestine, and problems getting enough nutrients. People with Crohn's can also have joint pain and skin problems. Children with the disease may have growth problems. There is no cure for Crohn's. Treatment can help control symptoms, and may include medicines, nutrition supplements, and/or surgery. Some people have long periods of remission, when they are free of symptoms. NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
3664
Concept ID:
C0010346
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Autoimmune disease

Your body's immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. No one is sure what causes autoimmune diseases. They do tend to run in families. Women - particularly African-American, Hispanic-American, and Native-American women - have a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, and some have similar symptoms. This makes it hard for your health care provider to know if you really have one of these diseases, and if so, which one. Getting a diagnosis can be frustrating and stressful. Often, the first symptoms are fatigue, muscle aches and a low fever. The classic sign of an autoimmune disease is inflammation, which can cause redness, heat, pain and swelling. The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when symptoms get better or disappear. Treatment depends on the disease, but in most cases one important goal is to reduce inflammation. Sometimes doctors prescribe corticosteroids or other drugs that reduce your immune response.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2135
Concept ID:
C0004364
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease, primarily of the joints, with autoimmune features and a complex genetic component. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
2078
Concept ID:
C0003873
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Cardiac Glycosides

group of substances obtained from species of Digitalis, Strophanthus, and other plants that contain specific steroid glycosides or their semisynthetic derivatives and used in congestive heart failure; they increase the force of cardiac contraction without significantly affecting other parameters, but are very toxic at larger doses; their mechanism of action usually involves inhibition of the Na(+)-K(+)-exchanging ATPase and they are often used in cell biological studies for that purpose. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
770
Concept ID:
C0007158
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18.

Digacin

MedGen UID:
344926
Concept ID:
C1569328
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Steroid
19.

Digoregen

MedGen UID:
344925
Concept ID:
C1569327
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Steroid
20.

Lanacordin

MedGen UID:
298456
Concept ID:
C1569324
Carbohydrate; Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Steroid
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